Slavery In The Civil War

1805 Words 8 Pages
Many issues in the mid-1800s divided the country to a north and a south, but the main issue that divided the country was the difference stance that the north and the south had about slavery. The north wanted slavery to be nationally abolished because they believe that it is morally wrong to have slaves work in harsh conditions, not get paid at all or well enough to support your family, and slaves would take whites jobs in the factories since slaves are free labors most of the time. However, the south believe that slavery should not be abolished and should continue to spread across the country because it is benefiting them in the agricultural industry that the south has and the south thinks that slaves cannot handle being free without them. …show more content…
John Brown was an abolitionist that wanted to abolish slavery no matter what. John Brown in 1859 decided that he would attack slavery from the south. Brown found 21 individuals including five free African Americans “…in hope of fomenting a slave insurrection.” On the night of October 16,1859, Brown and his followers took over a federal armory at Harpers Ferry in Virginia. The problem with Brown’s plan was is that he never gave a word to the slaves to give weapons to and help him and also there was not that many slaves around to help since he thought there was a lot who would. Soon he got surrounded and captured with his followers and hanged on the charge of treason. John Brown raid was a significant reason that led to the Civil War because it made it even harder to unite the nation once again. When Brown was hanged the north were very saddened by it and endorsed Brown on what he tried to do. This took southerners by surprise that for Brown’s violent acts of trying to free slaves was endorsed by northerners. It showed to the southerners that the north, especially abolitionists, are willing to do anything even use violence to try and abolish slavery everywhere in the U.S. The raid made it harder for southerners to compromise because they would think that the northerners would not be trusted to not make another violent act that would be endorsed by people, they would want trust that …show more content…
The Election of 1860 was between four candidates which were Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln, Southern Democratic candidate J. C. Breckinridge, Northern Democratic candidate Stephen A. Douglas, and Constitutional Union candidate John Bell. These candidates battled for presidency, but Abraham Lincoln won by 180 electoral votes which was 27 more than needed to win. Lincoln also won the popular votes by %40 of the votes going for him. During the election, the southern states did not even have the option to vote for Lincoln, but Lincoln ended up winning because of the huge population of the northern states. The southern states became concerned about Lincoln winning the election because the free states carried him to victory and “…he would use federal aid to encourage the border states to free their slaves voluntarily.” This would disrupt the balance in the senate between free and slave states. The south does not want that to happen because they might be a vote to abolish slavery and all the free states would vote for it and get it passed. The Election of 1860 is a significant reason that led to the Civil War because it showed after Lincoln victory how divided the U.S. over slavery. The South was concerned that they would have no chance of change or pass any legislative action because the Northern free states would become the

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