African American Transatlantic Slave History

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African Americans also known as Afro-Americans of Black Americans are an indigenous group of Americans with partial or total heritage from a black tribal groups of Africa. This term may also include those persons who descend from enslaved Africans (Michelle 2012). The first African arrived in 1526 via Santo Domingo which is the present-day South Carolina. These slaves revolved and sought refuge among the local Native Americans. The first recorded Africans in the British North America was in 1619 when 20 odd black people came to Jamestown as indentured slaves. The death of English settlers from punitive conditions made more and more Africans be brought to work as laborers. Young women or men would sign a contract of indenture in exchange for …show more content…
These slaves were transported on the triangular trade route and its middle passage to the New World. These slaves were majorly from the central and western parts of the continent that were sold by their fellow African s to the European Slave traders (Michelle 2012). Very few of which were captured the slave traders in coastal raids directly. The transatlantic slave is unique in that it took around four centuries; it mistreated black men, ladies and kids and lastly it lead to the development of anti-black ideologies commonly known as Code Noir (Stevenson 2015). Slaves were regarded as cargo by the ship owners to be transported as cheaply and quickly as possible, to be sold as labor in cocoa, cotton, coffee, and sugar plantations, cutting timber for ships, gold and silver mines, rice fields, in skilled labor, construction industry and as domestic servants. The major transatlantic slave trading countries, which the trade volume ordered included: the Spanish, the British, the Dutch and the French. It is estimated that around 12 to 17 million menfolk ' womenfolk and broods were transported to the New World, even though the number purchased by the slave traders was much higher (Michelle …show more content…
These worlds were not initially in contact with tidal currents had made ocean travel precisely difficult. The trade involved different continents and regions i.e. Europe, the Caribbean, the Indian Ocean, Africa and America. The transatlantic slave trade is usually considered as the first globalization system. Jean-Michel Deveau who is a French historian think slaves trade as the greatest catastrophe in humankind history regarding period and scale as it was the most significant transportation in the history of humanity and a decisive factor in the world economy of the 18th century (Vance

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