Benefits Of Coercion

Superior Essays
Historians face one of the big dilemmas concerning American society that values freedom yet they could support slavery and other forms of coercion such as Indian Removal Act and the forced takeover of Mexican land. Slave owners and supporters believe that the powerful should be free to coerce the less powerful. Those who opposed slavery believed that enslaved people should be free of coercion. There are many reason American society would support slavery have become popular and a mainstream in America. Furthermore, the Northerners and the Southerner knew that slaves were essential for their society, and that land was needed for slavery expansion by acquiring more land using coercion. The growth of slavery lead to the rise of …show more content…
Although, slavery was not mentioned in the Constitution, but it was implied. The Constitution mentioned three specific clause: Slave Trade, ⅗ Clause, and Fugitive Slave Law. Most individuals were fearful that bigger states would have more power than them. In Virginia, people were worried about taxation without representation, since they were the most populated if free and enslaved people were counted. This clause was made simply for counting purposes and not for “humanness.” The ⅗ Clause assured overrepresentation of the slaves in the Congress and the Electoral College. As more Northern states were beginning to free their slaves. Southern slave owners were worried that enslaved African Americans will run North for freedom. The solution to their worries was the Fugitive Slave law of 1793 that required slaves to be returned to their owners like how property is returned. Yet slaves still escaped to the North through the “Underground Railroad” (Jones, 330). So, the federal government created the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, that required local and federal agents to retrieve the runaway slaves no matter where they were in the U.S. , thus there are no asylum for slaves (Jones, 330). For the Slave Trade, in exchange for giving Congress rights to regulate International shipping, convention allowed importation of slaves for twenty years. Therefore, slavery became …show more content…
In the late 1820s, many white people including the president, were calling for the removal of Cherokee in the Southeast. Then, in 1829, gold was discovered in Georgia hills which brought 10,000 miners to Cherokee territory (Jones, 277). This discovery made President Jackson see the Cherokee nation as an hindrance to Georgia’s economy. Jackson also resented the fact that Cherokee considered themselves to be a sovereign equal to the U.S. This shows that Jackson hated people like Cherokees that question his authority. So, he is in favor of removing all Indians from the South to grab more lands for the whites (Jones, 277). In 1830, the Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, which provided an exchange of lands with the Indians in any of the territories, and their removal from the west of the Mississippi (Jones, 277). The Cherokee nation refused to sign the removal treaties. Georgia lacked the authority to remove Indians from their lands, but that didn’t stop the president from sending troops to Georgia to force them off their homelands in 1832. The United States engaged on their promises to let the Cherokee nation to be responsible for their own affairs, and free of the dictate of individuals states like

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    This significance of this cannot be overstated. As the nation expanded the slave holding states would want to maintain their political power in Congress by introducing slavery into newly acquired territories. They also desired new territory due to fears soil depletion due…

    • 1143 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    Civil War Slavery Causes

    • 1998 Words
    • 8 Pages

    However, after the Civil War, Southerner leaders, Neo-Confederates and some revisionists historians downplayed the importance of slavery as the main cause of the Civil War. Instead these critics have surmised that a multitude of causes centered around various social and economic sectional differences as well as state’s rights theories that eventually lead to war. Regardless of these claims, the preservation of slavery and white superiority are ultimately the underlying lynch pins at the core of these theories that economic, political or social differences were the causes of the Civil War. Moreover, to ensure Southern secession, Southern leaders protected this racially motivated system by spreading fear of racial equality, war between the races and amalgamation of the races at the hands of Northerners who opposed slavery. Southern leaders later deflected their attempts to maintain their race based social and economic hierarchy with theories of states’ rights and sectional differences after their defeat in the Civil…

    • 1998 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    They did not think slaves had right, so if a slave was to escape to a free state they would still be the property of their owners and if they were found they had to be returned to their rightful owner. Congress had reached a series of agreements. Missouri was a slave state and Maine would be a free state, with slavery being in the new western lands abandoned hope for ending war. The battlefield and the cotton famine influenced European attitudes towards slavery. The French and British mills wanted the American cotton that was grown by slaves.…

    • 1020 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    By this time Abraham Lincoln was the president of the United States. He did not want the war to be about freeing slaves because the capital was surrounded by all slave states. Many slaves have started to cross state lines, and the confederacy was running to the country to capture their slaves. This became a problem because Butler was going to use slaves as a part of the war, and slave owners wanted their slaves back. Lincoln did a proclamation that stated as him being commander in chief, he can write a bill stating that slaves were property and not people, which mean they can be seized to be used in…

    • 1404 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Indian Removal Act DBQ

    • 1334 Words
    • 6 Pages

    In an attempt to concoct a new nation in the midst of the 1800s, the United States found itself adjusting to the needs of its infancy. While some policies were passed in order to better the premature Union, struggles ensued when the nation found itself conforming to desires of the South. The Southern states were fixed on an agrarian society, and thus it instituted slavery. The desire to expand west was driven by the desire to acquire more land while increasing the amount of slaves. The North, on the other hand, conscious of what slavery meant by the standards of liberty, outlawed slavery.…

    • 1334 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    The actions of the slaves greatly contributed to the war’s purpose of abolishing slavery. Benjamin Butler declared that the Fugitive Slave Act, which declared that runaway slaves be returned to their master, was no longer valid in states that left the Union; declaring the runaway slaves as contraband that was confiscated by the Confederacy. These slaves would be put to work in labor intensive positions with a significantly less salary than white soldiers. Slaves fighting among Union troops along with their white abolitionist allies put a great amount of pressure on the Lincoln administration to abolish slavery. With this great pressure, Lincoln drafted the Emancipation Proclamation which would result in a lack of labor forces for the Confederacy…

    • 1200 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The free states had a high enough population to elect a president without obtaining any votes from the South. Once elected president, Lincoln refused to accept the Crittenden Compromise that held the union together. President James Buchanan of Pennsylvania did nothing to prevent the secession of the seven states but not congress. Senator John Crittenden composed the Crittenden Compromised in hopes to please the South by allowing the possession of slaves in all territories south of 36°30’. Lincoln was not able to accept the compromise because it was against the Republican views to extend slavery The election of Lincoln was the last straw of Southern secessionists to secede immediately.…

    • 1388 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Life was rapidly changing. The North and the South had totally composing viewpoints on whether or not slavery should spread westward to the newly acquired territories of the US. Some Northerners felt as if slavery was utterly ridiculous and should be illegal, while some Northerners were indifferent to slavery as long as it didn’t spread; others benefitted from slavery because cotton from down south was used in textile factories in comparison to the south where cotton was the major crop harvested. Cotton happened to be the entire south’s money maker. Black people were advancing as a human race, slavery had been abolished, the Confederacy took a loss in the Civil War, and free, black Union troops being sent to the South all played a big role in causing the 1866 Memphis Race…

    • 965 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Lincoln even refused to sign the Wade- Davis Bill, which mandated strict requirement for the south before they could make their new government. Andrew Johnson, who was the president after Lincoln’s death, tried to follow Lincoln’s footstep. However, the republican prevented Johnson from doing that.Since those republicans were angered by the destruction that the Civil War caused, the Republicans treated the southern government as criminals. In addition, Johnson was racist and it caused a drift between him and the republicans. Like Lincoln, Johnson was willing to forgive the south, if they promise to support the Union and abolish slavery.…

    • 1136 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    They argued that releasing the slaves would lead to greater unemployment rates, and crime. The South claimed that abolishing slaves would destroy the southern economy, since they did not industrialize, instead heavily relying on cotton plantations for profit. This resulted in the divide in the Union, between the North and South. Eventually the civil war would be fought, with one cause of it being the issue of slaves. The North, which had less need for them, was for abolishing slavery, and even had several regiments consisting of only black male, while the South, which relied heavily on slaves, was against the abolishing of slaves.…

    • 1458 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays