Essay Skinner 's Theory Of Operant Conditioning

1497 Words May 2nd, 2016 null Page
Whilst I was on placement I realised that in order to encourage children to complete their class work the teachers used strategies like reward stickers to the children who participated in the class and who tried their best to respond and answer questions correctly and the teacher gave a special wand to the table who behaved excellently. These small rewards helped to reinforce children 's behaviour positively and it motivated them to complete their work. This shows that by rewards, children can have a positive effect on their academic progress as the children will thrive to do their best in order to get a reward. This links to Skinner 's theory of operant conditioning. In this report I will be focussing on two aspects which is discussing Skinner 's operant conditioning theory and explaining how language can be learnt through positive and negative reinforcement. I will also link how skinner 's theory is implemented in education. ' 'Operant conditioning is a method of learning that takes place through rewarding or punishing behaviour ' ' (Ekong, 2014). Skinner believes that language can be learnt through positive reinforcement. Also a certain behaviour in children can be reinforced through positive and negative reinforcement. He supports his view by carrying out an experiment on a hungry rat. For example, Skinner places the rat in his Skinner box and as the rat moved around, the food pellet dropped. The rat kept on repeating it 's behaviour to satisfy his physiological needs…

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