Sjorgens Syndrom Essay

1112 Words Mar 27th, 2016 5 Pages
ITT:Breckinridge | Sjögren’s Syndrome | No tears for the unknown. |

Nathan Kalim

Sjögren’s Syndrome (SS) initially described and named by Swedish ophthalmologist Henrik Sjögren in 1933. Henrik discovered a connection among those that suffer from Sicca Syndrome; Arthritis, Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca or commonly called Dry Eye, Xerostomia or Dry Mouth. If gone untreated for extended time may experience debilitation symptoms, estimated 0.01%-0.1% of the population has this ailment. With its overlapping symptoms SS can be difficult to diagnose.
Etiology (Origin of the Disease) The exact origin of SS remains currently unknown, but believed to be caused due to multiple factors within the body and genetic
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This infiltration is caused by T and B Lymphocytes, causing the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, causing tissue dysfunction and decrease in lubrication production, gradually stopping entirely. If gone untreated systemic issues can arise from head to toe. According to Baldini, Talarico, Tzioufas, and Bombardieri (2012), approximately half the cases of SS occur alone, or called Primary Sjögren’s. SS that presents with another autoimmune disorder it is called Secondary Sjögren’s. Secondary Sjögren’s is commonly seen paired with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) or Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). Autoimmune disorders can exacerbate or mask symptoms for speedy and accurate diagnosis and treatment.
Signs & Symptoms Primary Sjörgren’s exhibits three primary symptoms; dry eye, dry mouth, and complications with the parotid glands. The Parotid Glands are a pair of large salivary glands located along jaw in front of each ear, in SS, parotid glands become inflamed and tender. The dry mouth symptom causes various problems with swallowing, tasting food and drink, as well as affecting sense of smell. The production of saliva helps protect dental area from drying out and rotting, resulting in dental cavities, tooth breakage and tooth lose. Secondary Sjögren’s causes exponential difficulties in both in identification and treatment. In conjunction with other autoimmune disorders there are a multitude of systemic system failures and malfunctions. The

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