Similarities Between The Indus Valley And Nile River Valley Civilization

1492 Words 6 Pages
Looking back at history, we learn how our ancestors lived in Ancient Civilizations. Many people who study anthropology find out what earlier civilizations were like and how people adapted to their surroundings. Two famous Civilizations that were completely different, but yet still had similar characteristics, were the Indus River Valley Civilization and the Nile River Valley Civilization. Each society had developed their own political, social structures, and institutions. The way they advanced was incredible and what they were able to do impacted to the world, even to this day.
The Early Society of the Indus Valley Civilization was located in what today is Pakistan, in the year 2500 B.C. Archeologists ponder over this civilization and
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The Nile was a outstanding importance to this civilization without it, it would not exist. The Nile attracted people, animals, and plants. People were able to farm near the Nile and that where they would stay all year round. They were able to grow wheat and flax for food and clothes. Though, the Nile was great it still had its yearly floods. The people were able to adapt, and assembled dikes, reserves, and irrigation ditches to channel the rising river and were able to store water for the dry seasons. Also, with the river they were able to trade with Africa, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean. The Egyptians were polytheistic, and believed that the Nile was a gift from the gods. In the Nile Valley River Civilization the geography was extremely convenient to its people. The hot desert surrounding the Nile was hot, and it protected Egypt from various trespassers. The Nile River Valley Civilization was split into three main eras that were: The Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom. There rulers were call pharaohs. They were able to organize a strong state. There people also viewed their leaders as gods. Even though the pharaoh ruled everything, he had a chief minister to supervise the business of the government. They were also skilled enough to build the pyramids for the dead rulers, and they had various for the life after death. During the Middle Period the rulers …show more content…
Both the Indus and the Nile had an abundant water source, which they both heavily depended on. They both used their water supplies to trade with others and to make a profit. The rivers are also the main reason their Civilizations flourished, and brought the people to them. They both also had natural boundaries protecting them from others that could have taken their land away. The Indus Valley Civilization had the Himalayas separating them from the others from the other side. The Nile River Valley had its desert around them, which limited the people that could come to fight them. Each of their rivers also flooded each year. Only that the Indus flooded twice and the Nile River only flood once a year. They each developed their own system of writing. Now we are able to decipher some of the hieroglyphics of the Egyptians, while the Indus Valley language is still a mystery to us. Both of these ancient civilizations were both polytheistic and had various religious traditions. The Indus are seen as believing Hinduism or Buddhism based on what archeologists found. The Egyptians believed in many gods and there was a god for almost everything. The main thing in their religion was afterlife. In this civilities the pharaohs ruled everything, while the Indus valley the Rajahs may have ruled the city. Or the priests were highly recognized and the

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