Similarities Between Skinner And Pavlov 's Theory Essay
Similarities and Differences
Just as there are differences and similarities between Skinner and Pavlov’s theories, the same could be observed when applying their theories to education. As for the first similarity, both theories involve the process of pairing (Lee, 2005). Pavlov’s classical conditioning involves pairing a neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus to create an unconditioned response. When this pairing is demonstrated multiple times the desired behavior becomes the conditioned response. Pavlov would exemplify this process in education. For example, a teacher starts clapping their hands to promote silence from the class. The clapping of the teacher’s hands would signify the neutral stimulus while promoting silence would be the unconditioned response. The conditioning is successful after numerous repetitions of the pairings. When the desired behavior is achieved, the sound of the teacher’s hands clapping would be the conditioned stimulus and the silence of the students would be the conditioned response.
Skinner and his concept of operant conditioning also involves the process of pairing. However, Skinner pairs a behavior with a following consequence (Lee,2005). These consequences are also known as reinforcers and punishers. This is seen all the time in a classroom setting. Using the same example from above, if the teachers wants the classroom to be silent they will verbally prompt the students to quiet down. When the desired…