Similarities Between Gupta Dynasty And Han Dynasty

1273 Words 6 Pages
From simple agricultural civilizations to large and advanced empires, the Classical Period, from 1000 B.C.E. to 500 C.E., was one of the most important and developmental periods in human history. During this period, several large civilizations developed in the Middle East and Asia. These civilizations made many advancements in areas such as politics, economy, technology, art, and religion. Two major civilizations that developed during the classical period were China and the Indian subcontinent. During their development and existence, several rulers and dynasties controlled the large civilizations. The Han dynasty of China and the Gupta dynasty of India were two of the most successful and effective rulers of the Chinese and Indian civilizations. …show more content…
The Han dynasty was controlled by one emperor and had centralized, uniform laws and government throughout the whole empire. On the other hand, the Gupta dynasty was collectively controlled by local rulers of various regions, which created a wide diversity of political forms throughout the empire. In the Han dynasty’s centralized political structure, the emperor appointed governors to different regions of the empire, who, in turn, appointed officials for smaller regions. While the method of appointing officials to different regions has some similarities to the regionalism in the Gupta dynasty, the two greatly differ. This is because the different regions of the Han dynasty were all ruled under one emperor that provided a single code of law and political form, which were followed by each region. The regional governors exercised their legal and military powers in the name of the emperor. In contrast, the different regions of the Gupta dynasty were ruled independently and with varying political forms and laws. Some regions were controlled through aristocratic assemblies, while others featured emperors or autocratic kings as rulers. In addition to having a uniform government with central power, Han China also created a large bureaucracy with about highly skilled 130,000 bureaucrats. Although the Gupta dynasty also had a bureaucracy, it was not nearly as extensive and developed as China’s. Despite the large differences in political structure, both the Han and Gupta dynasties depended on a well-developed social structure to help maintain political order. This is especially evident in India’s caste system, which created strict and detailed rules for each caste to follow, such as not permitting the services of one caste member to be performed by a member of another caste. These rules made strict political control less necessary. Similarly, China relied on class and

Related Documents