According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, colonialism is defined as:
“Colonialism is a practice of domination, which involves the subjugation of one people to another.” (Margaret Kohn, Colonialism, 2002)
However, colonialism is different from imperialism in some ways, though these two terms are always considered as synonyms. …show more content…
It covers many areas such as international trade, international communication, international transportation, and so on. Almost every country nowadays is involved in the trend of globalization.
Some scholars in academic field state that globalization is another form of colonialism, “modern colonialism”, while others believes that globalization and colonialism are similar but not exact repetition.
Ancient Greeks and Romans firstly practiced colonization. It then became common during the Age of Discovery, when Spanish Columbus firstly reached the America Continent. Then Spain, Portugal, Nether Land (also known as Holland), Britain and France started to set up their colonies all around the world. At first, their main purposes of setting colonies were the same: to open up the world market and make as many profits as they can.
When it came to nineteenth century, Britain took control of most of the colonies. The East India Company (EIC) is one of the most famous examples at that time. Founded in 1600, EIC had brought huge amount of fortune and profits to Britain, which helped the development of the capitalist class and made Britain more powerful. Moreover, because of the colonization of EIC, there have been cultural transfers between India and …show more content…
The term globalization was known by people just in between 1980s and 1990s. During the First Industrial Revolution and the Second Industrial Revolution, a lot of inventions, which are used for transportation and distant communication have been created. According to Scheuerman William, development of high-speed forms of transportation and remote communication has enabled people to interact without the concern of geographical and political border. This is one of the main factors that contribute to the merge of globalization.
A very good example for globalization is the Europe Union. After the World War II, France firstly came up with the idea of a united Europe. At the very start, members of Europe Union only had communications in economic field. However, with the development of the society and the demand of being independent from the United States, Europe Union has expand its member size and started to pay attention to deeper cooperation and interaction. Nowadays, members in Europe Union have communications and cooperation in economic field, technological field, political field, and cultural