Significant Political Relationships of Julius Caesar Essay examples

1236 Words Jul 11th, 2013 5 Pages
Caesar’s relationships between prominent Romans and the Senate were a result of the tension between the populares and the optimates: while individuals such as Caesar sought mutually beneficial political alliances to fulfil their own ambitions, the optimates resisted the undermining of the established Republican system of government. Caesar’s political alliances were a method of gain for all involved individuals, however to usurp absolute power, these relationships were necessarily temporary and unstable in nature. Following the dictatorship of Sulla (82 BC), the Senate were especially wary of the accumulation of power by an individual, causing Caesar’s relationship with the Senate to become increasingly tense as his political and military …show more content…
Caesar’s consulship of 59BC is a pertinent example of how Caesar’s position in the Triumvirate aided in advancing his career rapidly and demonstrates the power and influence of what Varro named the ‘Three-headed monster’. While Pompey’s standing lent Caesar considerable prestige, Crassus served to substitute for Caesar’s financial vulnerability.

Another crucial element to building Caesar’s standing was forming a military repute. Goldworthy notes that Caesar “needed military glory to rival Crassus, and especially Pompey”. In influencing Caesar’s pro-consulship in 58BC, the Triumvirate effectively granted Caesar command of an army and enabled him to establish a successful military career. However, as Caesar became increasingly successful, the relationship between Caesar and Pompey became tense as Caesar demonstrated himself as a potential threat to Pompey’s position. As a result of Caesar’s growing power and Pompey’s growing suspicion, Boak asserts that the bonds between the men were gradually fraying by 56BC. The death of Julia, Caesar’s daughter and Pompey’s wife, further severed the alliance, as the marital relation between the two was in its infancy symbolic of their loyalty. Boatwright details the renewal of the pact of the Triumvirs in order to resolve the silent struggle, however, the death of Crassus in 53BC effectively negated the agreement of the Triumvirate to the disadvantage of Caesar; Crassus was a

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