Significance And Effects Of Smoking

933 Words 4 Pages
Significance

Cigarettes are the leading cause of preventable death and disease in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2015). Although cigarette smoking is the most common form of tobacco consumption, all forms of tobacco increase the risk of chronic disease and mortality (World Health Organization [WHO], 2016). These chronic diseases result in long term health consequences, such as dependency on medications and/or physical assistance, which increases work absenteeism and decreases work productivity (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2016). Therefore, the societal consequences of smoking include increased mortality rates, decreases in productivity, and extensive health expenditures.
The
…show more content…
This results in $526 million in annual health care costs, $141.7 million of all Medicaid expenditures, and $387.3 million dollars from smoking-related productivity losses (Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids, 2016). Additionally, 14.1% (158,000) of adults and 9.7% (6,100) of high school students are smokers (Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids, 2016). However, with the recent popularity of e-cigarettes, there are now15.4% more high schoolers who smoke e-cigarettes than traditional cigarettes (25.1%) (Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids, 2016). According to Akre and Suris (2015), e-cigarettes possess great potential in acting as a gateway to smoking traditional cigarettes due to similarities in gestures and nicotine effect, preparing individuals to transition to cigarette use (Akre and Suris, 2015). As a result, 800 children in Hawai’i under the age of 18 will become daily smokers each year and 21,000 children under 18 will die prematurely from smoking (Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids, …show more content…
Therefore, it is essential that tobacco cessation programs provide quality, accessible services. Effective smoking cessation interventions will substantially reduce tobacco-related morbidity, mortality, and save millions of dollars from averted medical costs (Jamal et al., 2015; DOH, 2016). However, Alaska and North Dakota are the only states currently funding their tobacco control programs at the CDC-recommended levels (Jamal et al., 2015). Therefore, greater focus should be placed on utilizing these limited resources responsibly through effective program

Related Documents