Sigmund Piaget's Theory And The Phychodynamic Theory

921 Words 4 Pages
Psychodynamic Theory
Sigmund Freud conception of the mind was two-dimensional. The Psychodynamic Theory focuses on conscious, the preconscious and the unconscious processes as they are manifested in the client’s behavior. The goal of this theory is for the client to have self-awareness and understanding of their past and present behavior. The Psychodynamic Theory helps the client to examine unresolved conflicts that arise from the past. The second dimension of the mind was composed of the id, superego, and ego. These parts are interrelated and impact the functioning of each other. The id is the primitive psychic force hidden in the unconscious. It represents the basic needs and drives on which other personality factors are built. The ego is
…show more content…
Piaget believes that all people learn how to think in the same way. As people develop they all go through stages on how they think. As children grow, their thinking progresses and becomes more complex and abstract. Each stage of cognitive development is characterized by certain principles or ways in which individual thinks. Piaget would show children of different ages two glass containers filled with a liquid; the containers would be the same shape, size and would have an equal amount of liquid. Children under the age 6 would frequently say that the taller glass held more even though the amount of liquid in each of identical. Children would agree that the containers had the same amount of liquid. Later studies, showed that the results of this experiment were the same for children various backgrounds and nationalities. Piaget describes four major stages of cognitive development: the sensorimotor period, the preoperational thought period, the period of concrete operations , and the period of formal operations. Criticisms of Piaget’s theory have addressed his general approach and also raised questions about the specific concepts. One general criticism is the vast majority if his suppositions are based on his observation of his own children rather than on scientific studies conducted under laboratory conditions. Little is said about personality or emotional growth except in specific instances where they related directly to cognitive development. Piaget provided a foundation of thinking about cognitive development and he help set the stage of establishing appropriate expectation regarding hat types of things children at various age levels can accomplish, which is used in today’s society of social

Related Documents