Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalytic Approach To Personality

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Sigmund Freud had a Freudian, psychoanalytic approach to understanding personality. Freud felt that dreams were an important element to understanding an individual’s personality, viewing them as pieces of the unconscious. As dreams were important in understanding the unconscious, Freud described two levels of content in dreams: manifest and latent. He believed that “what we see on the surface (manifest) is only a partial representation of the vastness that is lying underneath (latent)” (Friedman and Schustack, 2012, p. 63). Other key elements in Freudian theory are the psyche’s three systems in personality: the id, ego and superego. The id is driven by the pleasure principle, as it strives to satisfy its desires and reduce inner tension …show more content…
All of these approaches are “less biological, more social, and more positive than Freud’s approach” (Friedman and Schustack, 2012, p. 106). Carl Jung was one of the many individuals who made a great impact in this approach. Like Freud, Jung explains that the psyche is divided into three parts. However, to Jung these three parts were called the conscious ego, the personal conscious, and the collective unconscious. Developing at around age four, the conscious ego is the part of the personality which represents the sense of self. The personal conscious, Jung explains, contains unimportant thoughts and feelings that are not presently a part of the conscious. The collective unconscious, containing a deeper level of unconsciousness, is expressed through emotional symbols called archetypes. The archetypes Jung describes are called animus and anima, persona and shadow, mother, and hero and demon archetypes (Butler-Bowdon, …show more content…
Freud thought that the unconscious was not available to our conscious thought. Jung, on the other hand, believed that there were both the personal and collective unconscious. He believed that the unconscious “contains thoughts and feelings that are not currently a part of conscious awareness” (Friedman and Schustack, 2012, p. 109). The thoughts and feelings in the unconscious can be those that were conscious at one time and Jung believed that these thoughts and feelings can be brought back into the conscious again. Jung also included the deeper level of unconscious into his theory in which he explains the archetypes that are common to everyone (Harely Therapy,

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