Sigmund Freud was a major influence in the study of modern psychology and behavior in the twentieth century. Originally wanting to become a scientist, he was inspired by hypnotherapy to solve the unconscious causes of mental illnesses by studying psychoanalysis, the structure of the mind, psychosexual states, and dream interpretations. Freud’s work allowed psychologists to go into more depth of the reasoning behind mental illnesses and physiological symptoms.
Sigmund Freud One of the most prominent figures in the twentieth century was the psychologist and neurologist, Sigmund Freud. Freud, originally aiming to be a scientist, revisited concepts from theories of major scientists and neurologists in the past to create more
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Freudian slips were words said that were never meant to be said (McLeod, 2007, para. 14). Freud also believed dreams were to be interpreted as wish-fulfillment. He distinguishes the manifest content of a dream (what the dreamer remembers) from the latent content (the underlying wish) and translates it to figure out the meaning of a dream using universal symbols (McLeod, 2009, para. 5-6). This psychoanalysis of a patient can take a very long time to hit the root of the problem—possibly two to five sessions a week for a couple years. In the Victorian times, many women who were patients of Freud and Charcot claimed to have hysteria because they were sexually frustrated. Bringing this idea to attention, Freud generalized this truth as a theory of human behavior. He came to the conclusion that infants have a sex drive immediately after birth that determines their personality and psychological dysfunction since life was built around pleasure and tension. There are five psychosexual stages that represent the fixation of libido (sexual energy) on certain parts of the body. To be fixated in one stage means to be permanently invested in that stage (McLeod, 2008a, para. 1-3). From birth to one year old, infants will be in the oral stage, where libido is centered in a baby’s mouth. Sucking, biting, and breast feeding is prevalent in this stage and can continue in later life by smoking or nail biting. From