Sigmund Freud 's Theory Of Personality And System Of Psychotherapy

1765 Words Sep 30th, 2014 8 Pages
Psychoanalytic theory is concept originally developed by Sigmund Freud is his “theory of personality and system of psychotherapy” (Schultz & Schultz, 2012, p. 18). Freud also states that all human beings are born with instinctual drives that are constantly active even though a person is usually not conscious of thus being driven (Hockenbury & Hockenbury, 2008). Psychoanalysis began with Freud around the same time Wilhelm Wundt established psychology as a school of study. Although generally ignored, it continued to overlap psychology’s other schools of thought through structuralism, functionalism, behaviorism, and Gestalt psychology. Sigmund Freud was the driving force behind psychoanalysis, but the field was based on a number of influences and would eventually develop into a school of its own. There were three major influences on psychoanalysis that include philosophical speculations about unconscious psychological phenomena, early ideas about psychopathology, and evolutionary theory. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz developed a theory of psychic entities that he called monadology that was later expanded on by Johann Friedrich Herbart. Leibnitz discussed the idea of monads, or the individual elements of reality. Although they were not physical, they were psychic entities that the mind picked up on and when enough were grouped together, they created an extension which could be physically perceived. Leibnitz believed that these events had varying degrees of consciousness "ranging…

Related Documents