Sigmund Freud: Psychological Theory
Sigmund Freud - Psychological Theory
Sigmund Freud was born on the 6th May 1856. He was born in Freiberg, Czech Republic. As Freud became older and more intelligent, he developed a theory on “psychoanalysis”. This is a method which is an analyst unpacks all the unconscious conflicts based on the free associations, dreams and fantasies of a patient. He died 23rd September, 1939 in Hampstead.
Sigmund Freud has a theory that all humans have certain natural urges that if it is not supressed, it could then lead to criminal behaviour or criminal activity. Freud alleged that we get these urges from our childhood and who we socialised with form a young age. He believed that a human brain is split …show more content…
This part can tell right from wrong and good from bad, this is called a person’s conscience. The Super Ego is meant to develop in a person around the young age of 4 or 5. This incorporates the morals of the society. Out of the three Freud has developed upon, the Super Ego is meant to be the conscience of the mind as it’s the only one that is able to differentiate the alteration between right and wrong.
Freud believes in the work that he has developed, that there are 6 vital assumptions of psychological behaviour theory and there theories of criminality. These 6 assumptions are:
1. Personality is the major motivational element.
2. An individual is primary for the unit in psychological theories.
3. Normality is commonly defined as a social consensus.
4. Criminal Behaviour may be purposeful for the individual as it addresses certain felt needs.
5. The crimes committed would then be unusual, dysfunctional or any inappropriate mental methods within the character of an individual
6. Defective or unusual, mental processes can have a difference of causes. A given example would be that any inappropriate learning or improper conditioning or a sickly …show more content…
These may include behaviour disorder, lack of education, media influence, poor personal temperament, low IQ, antisocial beliefs, influence of society or a poor integration in it, or poor parenting.
Biological Theory- Cesare Lombroso
Cesare Lombroso was born on 6th November, 1835 Verona, Italy. As he was older, Lombroso studied at Pavia, Padua, and Vienna. He took degrees in surgery and medicine in 1858. After his military service as a surgeon in the Italian army, he worked as a doctor at Pavia, Pesaro and Regio Emilia. In 1896, he was appointed professor of psychiatry and then in 1906, he became professor of criminal anthropology. For 30 years he advocated his revolutionary theories of criminology. He later died 19th October, 1909.