John Bowlby Developmental Psychology

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Developmental psychology is an approach of the social change over time of a child and an adult. Developmental psychologist’s profession is to study social, cognitive studies. They study on what motivates the human’s mind that influences them on their behaviour and thinking and what causes their intentions. It is important to consider nature and nurture when explaining the developmental theories. Nature is based on the inheritance, linked to genetics; however nurture is based on social and environmental which is linked to experience.John Bowlby (1969) is psychoanalyst and attachment theory is a deep and emotional bond between a mother and child. The different theories are researches done by psychologists who study the human’s individual …show more content…
Social development understands the individual’s attitude and behaviour in result of them being influenced by a social surrounding. Research by Goldfarb’s (1943) created an experiment which links to attachment theory where he studied two groups of children, one group were in an institution; the other group was fostered straight away after leaving their mothers. This study showed that maternal deprivation can cause a negative impact and made the children’s development lack intelligence, social maturity and use of language (A2Revision101, 2014). Emotional development refers to the ability to engage emotionally with others, like relationships, regulate one 's emotions and to have a sense of f trust and confidence in others. This is linked to attachment theory where Mary Ainsworth ‘Strange Situation’ where she concludes from her research that attachment has three major styles, secure attachment, ambivalent attachment and avoidant-insecure attachment observed. She observed children of ages 12 to 18 months respond to a situation when alone briefly and then with their mother, from this she had concluded her results (About Education, 2014). Cognitive development refers to the development including the memory, thinking, problem solving, language and schema. Cognitive development links to attachment theory when again Goldfarb (1943), on all measures the …show more content…
However nurture is a behaviour theory which is based on impact on the environment and learning through experiences. This debate of nature and nurture is whether is based on whether the aspects of a child’s behaviour is either genetic or influenced by the surroundings, behaviourist believe that intelligence and other personalities within a child is based on their surroundings. (Simply Psychology,

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