Sigmund Freud And Erikson's Development Theory

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When you think of developmental psychology what major names come to the forefront of your mind? Sigmund Freud? Erik Erikson? Jean Piaget? Maybe even Lev Vygotsky. Development is a very prominent aspect in psychology, made up of a multitude of theories. Freud’s psychosexual stages and Erikson’s eight stages of psychosocial development are two theories that are leading the way. These two gentlemen’s theories could not be more different, not only from a sexual aspect, but also from an overall developmental point of view. Although both arguments have their individual merits, Freud’s theories continue to hold true in my mind, despite the many criticisms of his works.
Sigmund Freud, the pioneer of psychoanalysis and a firm believer in the unconscious,
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As a supporter of Freud, Erikson recognized Freud’s contributions, but he also stressed that the psychoanalytic psychologist was too rash in his sexual implications, and he overlooked major aspects of human development. For example, whereas Freud believed that development was sexually motivated, Erikson was adamant that it was more focused on society and an individual’s desire to associate with other people. At each stage of Erikson’s development theory, an individual is confronted with a task that must be resolved appropriately for him/her to grow into a healthy well rounded human being. Each of these turning points focuses on a particular issue that we must be subject to in order to increase our potential. From infancy to the age of 60 and upward, we face these challenges, be they trust vs. mistrust, identity vs. identity confusion, or generativity vs. despair. Each idea is centered on the aspect of our interactions with other people and our response to these different …show more content…
Which doesn’t necessarily mean that the information is wrong. People disagree with what they don’t understand or something that offends them to a point where they are unwilling to learn more. That kind of ignorance causes many intelligent aspects of our world to go unnoticed. If my examples and persuasive comments have yet to sway you then think about this: when you were a child, who were you closest to? As a female, where you closer to your father? If yes, then you were subject to the common Electra complex, also known as being a “daddy’s girl” that states a daughter will become closer to her father and stray from her mother. While the opposite is also true, a son will push away from his father towards the comfort of his mother, being labeled a “mommy’s boy,” also referred to as the Oedipus complex. Freud’s theories may not be as fleshed out as Erikson’s many stages, but Freud’s stages are much easier to understand and more visible to the common eye. It’s simple to watch your child grow and see them, at different ages, fixate on certain parts of his or her body. Whereas, with Erikson’s stages, you cannot visibly see or understand what your child is going through. You don’t know how to physically help your child find

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