Sickle Cell Sickle And Its Effects On The World Essay

1004 Words May 10th, 2016 5 Pages
Sickle Cell Anaemia

In this essay Sickle Cell Anemia will be investigated in depth. What causes it, how it is passed on from generation to generation, and it’s origin will be explored, along with it’s how it occurs, how often it occurs and whether or not some races are more susceptible to it. Statistics and mortality rates will be included as well as some treatments and suggestions for those suffering with the disorder.

Sickle Cell Anemia can lead to many painful side effects of varying severity. Some such effects are strokes, which are brought about by the blockage of blood to one’s brain. Acute chest syndrome; this causes chest pain, fever and breathing difficulty, caused by a lung infection or sickle cells blocking blood vessels in one’s lungs. Pulmonary hypertension, which is high blood pressure in the lungs that can deprive one’s lungs from oxygen. Damage to the kidney, causing blood in urine and needing to use the bathroom a lot, meaning bedwetting is a regular affair. Blindness or visual impairment can also be caused due to blockage or overgrowth of the blood vessels in the eye, specifically the retina. The disorder can also lead to heart problems, gallstones and priapism, which means that male sufferers may experience painful, long lasting erections, as sickle cells may block blood vessels, this can lead to impotence and damage the phallus.

Sickle cell disease is caused by a mutation of the gene that makes hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that…

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