Sickle Cell Disease : The Most Prominent Hereditary Blood Disorder

1127 Words Jan 31st, 2016 5 Pages
There are approximately 350 million people who suffer from hereditary diseases worldwide. The children and adults that have these diseases have no control in preventing them. A person inherits a chronic disease from their parents based upon their genetic makeup. A hereditary disease is an inherited medical condition caused by a DNA abnormality. When you have a hereditary disease you encounter mental, physical and emotional impacts, both short term and long term at any age. The caregivers of congenital disease individuals also experience emotional hardship. Prominent diseases are Sickle cell anemia, Cystic Fibrosis, and Tay-Sachs.
A major hereditary disease is sickle cell disease. Sickle Cell Disease is the most prominent hereditary blood disorder in the world. Sickle cell disease is a group of differently combined disorders that affect the hemoglobin, the molecule in red blood cells that delivers oxygen to cells throughout the body. People with this disorder have atypical hemoglobin molecules called hemoglobin S, which can distort red blood cells into a sickle, or crescent, shape ( U.S. National Library of Medicine) The most common group that contracts this disease are African Americans. According to the Centers For Disease Control Prevention,” one out of every 500 Black or African-American births produce children with sickle cell disease”(Centers For Disease Control Prevention 2015). Diagnoses of the disease occur when several symptoms appear in an individual. Symptoms…

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