Sickle Cell Anemia And Its Effects Essay

1399 Words Oct 31st, 2016 6 Pages
Sickle Cell Anemia is a birth defect that is “a genetic blood disorder caused by the presence of an abnormal form of hemoglobin” according to MedicineNet.com. Sickle cell is common to people that have ancestry with Africans. Sickle cell affects about 100,000 Americans, one out of every 365 African American babies, and one out of every 16,300 hispanic babies. Older children and adults with sickle cell disease may experience a few complications, or have a pattern of ongoing problems that make their life shorter than living perfectly healthy. The most common and serious complications of sickle cell disease are anemia, pain, fatigue, and organ failure The cause of Sickle Cell Anemia is an inherited abnormal hemoglobin. When red blood cells are not fully developed it is called a sickle cell. When having a sickle cell it can cause swelling, deformities, yellowing at the eyes, and many more symptoms.. Sickle cell can cause different diseases and Anemia is the most severe form. There are two different types of Beta thalassemia which is a blood disorder that deforms the production of the hemoglobin. One type is “0” and another is “+.” People that have beta 0-thalassemia usually have a severe form of Sickle Cell Disease. Those that have beta +-thalassemia tend to have a milder form of Sickle Cell Disease. Therefore it requires two sickle cell genes. Sickle cell is inherited so it means a parent has to pass it down to the child. From one parent the child has to get “S” and from the…

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