Sickle Cell Anemi Causes And Adverse Health Problems Essay

761 Words Apr 10th, 2015 4 Pages
Sickle cell anemia is a hereditary disorder that misshapes red blood cells, causing various complications. In the United States, African Americans have consistently been the ones most often affected by the disorder. For an individual to develop the disease, they must inherit one defective gene from each parent. Although sickle cell anemia can develop within the bloodstream of people from any race, it mainly affects those of African American descent. Further research should investigate medical drugs that suppress the hereditary factor related to sickle cell anemia.

Sickle cell anemia is a hereditary disorder that negatively affects red blood cells. It is associated with hemoglobin, which is an important oxygen-carrying component found within red blood cells. Due to the abnormal, concave shape of the red blood cells in people with sickle cell anemia, oxygen transportation is greatly reduced within the body. Patients with sickle cell anemia have an irregular form of hemoglobin coined sickle cell hemoglobin. This is what causes the red blood cells to develop a crescent shape (Peterson, 2009). This disorder can cause adverse health problems such as strokes, infections and even death. Recent studies have shown significant variations in how the disorder affects different racial groups (Bjorklund, 2011). Studies revealed that African Americans are more commonly affected by the disease than other racial groups. This essay will analyze the validity of data that proves…

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