Sickle Cell Anemi A Genetic Blood Disorder Essay

1506 Words Jun 9th, 2016 7 Pages
Sickle cell anemia is a genetic blood disorder that causes normal red blood cells to form into an irregular shape, called sickled-cells. The sickle cell gene causes the body to produce abnormal hemoglobin. After a while, the hemoglobin will then cluster together anywhere in the body causing the blockage of blood flow through the blood vessels. This blockage deprives the tissues and blood of oxygen which can lead to many difficulties and problems. SCD becomes life-threatening when the damaged red blood cells begin to breakdown, when the spleen does not work properly or at all, or when it is unable to prevent infections from coming in. Approximately 100,000 Americans have SCD. Most with SCD are of African ancestry. About 1 in 13 African American babies is born with the sickle cell trait and about 1 in every 365 black children is born with the sickle cell disease.
If an individual is diagnosed with sickle cell disease, it initiates from the very beginning—birth. However, infants do not appear to have any signs of difficulties from the disease until they are about 5 or 6 months of age. The reason affected infants do not show any signs or develop any symptoms in the first few months of life is due to the hemoglobin produced by the developing fetus. The production of the hemoglobin protects the red blood cells from sickling. However, by the fifth or sixth month of life, the fetal hemoglobin is lacking, therefore, the sickling of red blood cells becomes prominent and symptoms…

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