Short Summary: Albinism And Vitiligo

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Youth Bridge

Journal Entry #1

This week in Youth Bridge we had Berkley High cohort speak to us about Albinism and Vitiligo. What is albinism? Albinism is a group or inherited disorders characterized by little or no melanin production. Albinism is an inherited disorder it is caused by a mutation in one of several genes. Symptoms of albinism are problems with vision, crossed eyes, loss of color. Who does it affect? It can affect anyone. Types of albinism are ocular albinism, which affect only the eyes, not the skin or hair and occurs mostly in boys. Oculocutaneous albinism, affects the eyes, hair and skin. OCA1, have no pigment and no active tyrosinase. OCA2, people in this group have some pigment, but they do not tan. OCA3 have substantial
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Vitiligo is the disease that causes the loss of skin color in blotches. For vitiligo there 's really no pinpointed causes, but it is known as autoimmune disease. Some symptoms of vitiligo include loss of skin or premature hair whitening and loss of color inside mouth. Vitiligo can affect people of all races. Types of vitiligo are focal, smaller areas of depigmentation. Segmental, appears only on one side of your body, though it still can affect large patches of the skin. Acrofacial, there is a wide spread of white patches that affects nec, face, and bony prominences hands. Complications of vitiligo are social or psychological distress, sunburn and skin cancer, eye problems, hearing loss and dry skin. There is also no cure for vitiligo but, what you can do is wear creams, sunscreen, take pills, or you can even have a …show more content…
This is my group, and we talked to the class about what is breast cancer? Breast cancer is the malignant tumor that starts in the cells of the breast area. Stages: stage 1, is the lowest numbered stage of breast cancer. During this stage cells are confined to limited area. Stage 2, is still the early stage, but there’s evidence that the cancer has begun to spread. Stage 3, is the stage where cancer is considered advanced, cancer is invading surrounding tissues around the breast area. Stage 4, means that the cancer has spread. Symptoms, the swelling of all the breasts or part of it, pain in your breasts, redness, scaliness, or thickening of your breast or the skin. Skin irritation and dimpling,pain in the niple, nipple discharge and lump ocated in your underarm area. Breast cancer can affect a person mentally and physically. Emotionally, coping with breast cancer, managing anxiety, depression, self esteem. Physically, pain, nausea/vomiting, fatigue or a second cancer. Some of the risk factors of having breast cancer is being female. As your age increase you are at a higher risk of getting breast cancer. Personal history, if you had breast cancer in one breast you can have it in the other one. Family history, if your mom or dad or sister had it, you can also have it. Obesity, being obese can increase your risk. Begging your period at a young age, around age 12. Having your first child at another age, age 35. Having

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