Shizopolar Case Study

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LL is diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder bipolar type. In this disorder, people have schizophrenic behaviors, but most of the symptoms reflect a mood disorder. There are multiple facets of the diagnosis of this disorder. First, the patient must have at least one of the three main characteristics of schizophrenia: Delusions, Hallucinations, Disorganized speech. These can be present for a period of time with the mania of bipolar disorder. Mania in bipolar disorder is characterized by feelings of euphoria, irritable mood, grandiosity, decreased need for sleep, pressured speech, racing thoughts, increased risky behavior, distractibility, and increased goal-directed activity. The symptoms of bipolar are usually present for a majority of the …show more content…
In her case, she had different types of delusions: persecutory and grandiose. This grandiosity is usually seen as part of the manic phase in bipolar. Along with this is irritable mood which she exhibited when she first came to the hospital. She did not want to talk to anyone and became loud and visibly upset when people asked her too many questions. However, just because she exhibits these symptoms, does not mean that she is manic. In fact, she is missing key characteristics that would classify her as manic or even depressive. No information was obtained about her history of mania, however, it is known that there has never been any documentation of her experiencing depression. When asked if she had ever felt depressed in her life, she remarked “I have never been sick before. I am perfectly healthy.” Currently, she seems to be in a phase of an absence of bipolar disorder symptoms. However, this helps clarify her diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder because the delusions are still persistent. The cause of schizoaffective disorder is currently unknown. To further complicate matters, schizoaffective disorder is often not studied specifically on its own and is repeatedly wrapped up into schizophrenia. Therefore, the predisposing factors are often considered one in the same. When explaining the predisposing factors an effort will be made to tease these two disorders …show more content…
However, it is suggested that the biological is only considered impactful if there are environmental factors causing it to be displayed. One part of the biological factors is genetics. Studies of families have shown that if a family member has bipolar disorder or schizophrenia, then the person is more likely to get schizoaffective disorder (Laursen et al., 2005). Looking specifically at chromosomes, one study found that schizoaffective disorder was linked to chromosome 2p21 (Deo et al., 2010). However, more studies need to be done because not everyone with this disorder has a strong link to the dysfunction in this chromosome. While there are positive correlations towards genetic predispositions it is not a guarantee for developing the

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