Shaka and Zulu Essay examples

2412 Words Mar 19th, 2006 10 Pages
The extreme pressure for the Zulu to find new land because of drought caused an expansion in territory and led to a series of wars for control which was dubbed Mfecane. The Mfecane was a period of warfare between different ethnic groups which led to many changes in the political structure of Southern Africa. This series of wars called the Mfecane was revolutionary during 1817-1828 (www.bbc.co.uk) and it was mainly due to the abolition of the Trans – Atlantic slave trade, coupled with the increase in population, also with the loss of natural resources, and the economic restructuring moving from slaves being the main economic trade to the search for a new method resulted in a major change in southern Africa. During the Mfecane many people …show more content…
This expansion happened not only because of the movement of Europeans into new territories which the Zulu's were able to take advantage of but also it was a response to the drought which caused pressure on the people of Zulu to find new land. The Zulu did develop a strong state and a powerful sense of identity through the Mfecane. Due to the expansion of the Zulu "The Ngwane moved northwards in response to form the Swazi kingdom. The Ndwandwe also went north to establish the Gaza kingdom. The Ndebele moved in 1840 to what is now south western Zimbabwe." (http://www.bbc.co.uk) The kingdom of Zulu caused many nation's to move or they would become their victim's and be completely wiped out or become the newest Zulu's. The Zulu's highly organized military forces battled nearby groups in order to try and expand their territorial control so the fleeing groups had to move to a different part of South Africa in order not to be annihilated. The Zulu also caused a restructuring of politics' and the way that militaries were constructed. "In 1818 he embarked on a great expansion of his realm in what is now the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal, and during the next ten years his depredations evicted several other peoples from their lands, setting off large-scale migrations and ultimately resulting in the formation of several new kingdoms." (http://autocww.colorado.edu/) The Mfecane was

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