Sex trafficking has been known to be a complex situation driven or created by economic, social and cultural factors found within a given society. Some of these factors are meant for specific patterns exercised in sex trafficking. There are various patterns that are generally found in sex trafficking in varied regions. The major factor is the victim 's desire to migrate and this eventually leads to exploitation (Bernat, 2011). The root cause of trafficking varies and includes the following; oppression, poverty, political instability, civil unrest, militarism, unavailability of economic or social opportunity, internal armed wars, results in increased sex trafficking.
The root cause of sex trafficking …show more content…
Rapid expansion of telecommunication has also increased the desire to migrate to other “better” countries, hence vulnerability of the victims to these traffickers. There is also the instance whereby the young children are entrusted with influential and affluent friend, and this creates vulnerability of the so called victims because they can be mistreated and final sold as sex objects to other wealthy merchants (Kara, 2009). There is also the issue where the parents sell their children in the hope that they would escape the poverty, but in the end, they end up being worse than expected.
How do we address the root causes of trafficking? While we accept that cultural or social practices contribute to trafficking, like devaluation of girls, makes them prone to trafficking and other ills. Porous borders also help to funnel the trade through corrupt officials who benefits from the trade itself, or through proxies. Inefficient legislation and political will facilitate sex trafficking, because the laws are not strict enough to curb the vice in the society (McCabe & Manian,