Essay about Sex Hormones Are The Primary Conditioning Of Our Gender

1352 Words Dec 10th, 2014 null Page
Similarly Hoyenga and Hoyenga (1993) state that both genes and the environment work together to determine gender. An example of this is Udry’s (2000) study of girl’s exposure to prenatal androgens (male sex hormones) in the womb and how this affected the girl’s socialisation into femininity after birth. Udry (2000) found that girls who were exposed to the male sex hormones in the womb were less accepting to feminine attitudes even though their parents enforced femininity on them later in life. Furthermore, the girls who were not exposed to the prenatal androgens were more accepting to feminine attitudes which their parents enforced on them later on in life. He emphasises the argument that sex hormones are the primary conditioning of our gender identities, however parental influences come into play later on in life in gender development. Nevertheless Urdry’s (2000) research is criticised by Ross (2012) who claims that Urdry’s biosocial model of gender focuses too much on biological factors such as the primary conditioning of gender (prenatal androgens). He argues that he does not focus on the specific ways parents and other institutions socialise the child from a young age and the methods they use to do this.
The argument that gender is solely biologically determined is highlighted by Stanley (2002) with his biological essentialism view. Stanley (2002) claims that qualities which make up a person’s masculine or feminine gender are biologically determined. Therefore, gender…

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