Sex Discrimination Essay

2769 Words Oct 19th, 1999 12 Pages
Sex Discrimination

Despite Legislation for Equal Opportunities, sexism is still in evidence in the workplace.

Sexism is a particular concern for society when considering it's effect in the workplace. Sexism has always been a particular problem in the labour market especially with the formation of capitalism. In the last half of the
20th century this has been especially highlighted due to the increase of woman entering the labour market. This aroused the need for a legislation for equal opportunity for both sex's to be passed in 1975. It stated that discrimination of a persons sex whether male or female was unlawful in employment, union membership, education, provision of goods, services, advertisements and pay.

In this essay the
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This segregation of gender in different jobs can be separated into two dimensions, vertical and horizontal. Vertical segregation is the segregation of gender in the hierarchy of power in a certain job. Woman tend to be found at the low end of vertical segregation in professional occupations. Horizontal segregation is the segregation of gender in the spread of different occupations. Woman are usually found dominating teaching while men dominate engineering. Data from the Eurostat Labour survey shows whenwoman break horizontal segregation by increasing their presencein a particular occupation, vertical segregation becomes securely established. This is shown by the fact that 3 per cent of all clerks and typists in 1911 were woman.
By 1971 the situation had reversed and woman dominated this area. As soon as the number of woman increased, office work was down graded and became a low paid dead end job by deskilling. Theactivities where broken down to suit what was thought as women's abilities (Mildrew 1992: 12).

Educational qualifications are a must for anyone who wants a career (man or woman). 20 years ago girls would have left education at the end of their O- levels being norm. In the 1991/92 GCSE results 42.7% of girls compared with
34.1% of boys received 5 or more A-C grades and 16.1% compared with
14.4% of boys received 3 or more passes at A-Level. The number of woman students at university has tripled in the last 21 years which is almost

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