Introduction One of the bigger controversies today is the debate over nature versus nurture. With that debate going on there are many topics that are being researched under it, like serial killers, and what drives them to do what they do. Many scientists are still researching whether or not if serial killers are driven by the way they were raised or if it is a part of their genes.
This literature review will analyze what people think about the nature versus nurture debate. It will talk about the nature side and the nurture side of the debate.
What is a serial killer?
Eric Hickey (2012) in “Serial Killers: Defining Serial Murder” defines what a serial killer is exactly. In the article the Hickey describes serial killers are usually
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Fox and Levin find that serial killers "know right from wrong, know exactly what they are doing, and can control their desire to kill, but choose not to do so; they are more cruel than crazy" (Fox and Levin 1994). Instead of the insanity plea, it is found that serial murderers tend to be more sociopathic than anything. Sociopaths, or psychopaths, are classified more as people with a disorder of character rather than the mind. It is found that the insane are typically not mentally able to carry out the act of murder let alone plan one (Fox and Levin 1994) there was study done by Reid, et al. The intention of his study was to identify demographic, clinical, and forensic characteristics of adolescent mass murderers. The subjects were obtained by a criminal computer databases, finding 34 subjects committed 27 mass murders between 1958 and 1999. These results show also that all subjects were male with a median age resting at 17 years. Other observations were as follows: many were described as 'loners,' typically having antisocial disorder, almost half were bullied, and alcohol and drug abuse among the subjects was common. These results are representative of only adolescent mass murderers; however, they indicate what qualities and characteristics are frequent of killers in general, especially when one considers the works of Freud and Mead and their theories of childhood socialization (Brym and Lie