Separation Of East Pakistan Case Study

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Context: (1947-1971)
One day before the creation of Pakistan the Constitute assembly was established under the Indian independence act and was given a machinery by British government for transferring power to Pakistan, built up the constitution, East Pakistanis was equally featured as west Pakistanis in this assembly. Communal discrimination was experienced by East Pakistan so they considered themselves as more pro Pakistan as compare to West Pakistan. This can be a reason that Pakistan went out of her way to elect from her selected people 6 Urdu speaking non Pakistani which includes Mr. Liaqat Ali khan first prime minister of Pakistan. Mr. Tamizuddin khan who is known by his constitutional fight on 1954 against the governor general held the
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In 1947 when Hussain Shahid was not allowed for parliamentary leadership of East Pakistan assembly, instead Nazimuddin was selected as chief minister, Bengalis got the first political shock. The Bengalis got short tempered when Nazimuddin ministry was dismissed by Governor General Ghulam Muhammad. In 1954 Muslim league was defeated which resulted from the rise of Bengali nationalism and Anti-West Pakistan feeling.in August 1955 Chaudhry Muhammad Ali became the prime minister which triggered the bitter reaction in East Pakistan because he violated the establish tradition of selection. In short the Bengali grievances of political separation seemed credible. Lack of National …show more content…
Bengali spoke their own language whereas Urdu was declared as national language after creation of Pakistan, which Bengalis thought that it’s a language of Muslim league and therefore they started Bengali Language Movement with the support of Bengali civil servants, students, minister and provincial assembly members. They demanded that Bengali should be one of the state language along with Urdu. In 1948 controversy started. Protestants gathered on streets which were even arrested. In March 1948 Jinnah’s visit to Dacca and his announcement that Bengali could be province language but state language will be Urdu, led to a chain of disturbances. In 1952 recommendation of Urdu as state language by the constituent sparked off a bitter reaction and Bengalis held protest meetings as a response. Although, after all this controversies Bengali was recognized as state language along with Urdu in 1956 constitution. In 1956 Bengali and Urdu were declared as national language in the constitution of Pakistan. But this new amendment in the constitution could not eliminate the desire of separate nationalism from the minds of

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