Self Esteem And Feelings Of Shame Essay

1021 Words Dec 1st, 2015 null Page
As toddlers (ages 1–3 years) begin to explore their world, they learn that they can control their actions and act on the environment to get results. They begin to show clear preferences for certain elements of the environment, such as food, toys, and clothing. A toddler’s main task is to resolve the issue of autonomy versus shame and doubt, by working to establish independence. This is the “me do it” stage. For example, my 3 year-old nephew who wants to choose his clothes and dress himself in Spiderman outfits all day. Although his outfits might not be appropriate for the situation, his input in such basic decisions has an effect on his sense of independence. If denied the opportunity to act on his environment, he may begin to doubt his abilities, which could lead to low self-esteem and feelings of shame. During this time they should be in the sensorimotor stage, which lasts from birth to about 2 years old. During this stage, children learn about the world through their senses and motor behavior. Between 5 and 8 months old, the child develops object permanence, which is the understanding that even if something is out of sight, it still exists. Infants who had already developed object permanence would reach for the hidden toy, indicating that they knew it still existed, whereas infants who had not developed object permanence would appear confused. In Piaget’s view, around the same time children develop object permanence, they also begin to exhibit stranger anxiety, which is a…

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