Self Control Theory Vs Routine Activity Theory

Improved Essays
In this essay the two criminolgy theories that will be compared and contrasted is the Self- Control theory and the Routine Activity theory. These are two extremely well known and popular theories in the field of criminology today. The Self- Control theory refers to the lack of self-control a person or offender has which can lead that person to commit different crimes. Offenders will commit crimes without even thinking about the consequences. The Routine Activity theory refers to the fact that daily activities or routines people have create perfect chances for crimes to be commited against them and their property. Offenders in this case will take full advantage of people 's daily routines to commit crimes of opportunities. The Self-Control …show more content…
The Routine Activity theory differs from the Self-Control on the fact that it focuses on how exactly criminal events happen.
It does not explain why an offender is motivated to commit crimes. The Self-Control theory focuses on why people commit crimes and their motivations to commit certain crimes. Another difference in the two theories is the type of crime that is committed. The Routine Activity theory deals with crimes of opportunities and perfect chances. The Self-Control theory deals with crime of passion or impulsiveness. So, both theories deal with crime that happens for different reasons. The
Routine Activity theory also deals with offenders who plan out their crimes. They take time to plan and think about what they are doing. Self-Control theory deals with offenders who act on a whim. They usually do not plan out their crimes. They only commit crimes when they want something at that exact moment. So, the Self-Control theory and the Routine Activity have many things in common and also have many differences. The Self-Control theory and the Routine Activity theory are both very useful theories. The
…show more content…
It explains how some offenders let their impulsiveness take over. The Routine Activity theory is extremely helpful in understanding how some crimes happen, such as burglary. It explains how the absence of those three aspects can make some people and things prone to victimization. It is able to explain how sometimes people can prevent crimes from happening if they take the right steps. But, it also explains how some crime is inevitable because people do not take certain safety steps. Both theories can be applied to many criminal situations. I trust that both theories are correct because they have been applied to so many situations. They are really useful in helping some people avoid becoming victims of crime. I have personally learned a lot from these two theories. I thought it was extremely interesting to learn that some offenders really can not help but commit crimes because of low self-control. The SelfControl theory really explains how and why some offenders commit certain crimes. I enjoyed learning how a lot of crimes are commited because of a lack of gaurdianship, a suitable target, and a

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    One of which has made people try to lessen their chances of being victimized by the common crimes of burglary. Another is that people are made aware of how crime can arise depending on the opportunity of the things that they are doing. The cons on the other hand have their toll as well. For example, there is no exact explanation of a motivated offender, it is not explained who, how, and why they commit crimes. The purpose of a theory of crime is to be able to explain why they commit the crimes, and in this case they just focus on victimization instead.…

    • 966 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Brutality And Crime

    • 1256 Words
    • 6 Pages

    The basis in above categorization is not rational and has not been explained by National Crime Bureau of India. Criminologists need a theory which can explain a crime as violent or non-violent. We also need a theory of criminal behavior which can explain the brutality associated in a crime. This paper focus on the brutality in a criminal act. In criminology most of the theory of crime are theories of criminal behavior.…

    • 1256 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The Rehabilitation perspective believe that all criminal behavior is caused by some factor in your life. They believe that the choices criminals make are based on there surroundings and how they live there personal life. They believe that when people are characterized as being exposed to delinquents and lack parental support they are more likely to become criminals. There point of view doesn’t deny that everyone makes there own decisions but they absolutely don’t go into a irrational choice of pure “free will.” In order for someone to change the way they view things they would need to have been in a circumstance where two perspectives where demonstrated . This perspective views crime as a something that is rarely free willed and that is why particular individuals can be rehabilitated.…

    • 1645 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Criminology Theory Essay

    • 1147 Words
    • 5 Pages

    As we have the past centuries have been studying the way and why a person has committed crimes as well as trying to understand why behave in different patterns and different types of situations that they come across. One would first use the general theory of crime, which was developed by Michael Gottfredson and Travis Hirschi. Now in this particular theory they both believed that “deviance and criminal acts of self-control”(criminology by Leonard Glick, J. Mitchell Miller pg.176). Thus making an extremely great point, because their understanding was if you showed high levels of self control you would have the less chances of committing the crimes. Where as if you did not have that balance, then you could possibly commit the crime as well…

    • 1147 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Strain Theory Criminology

    • 999 Words
    • 4 Pages

    For me this only worked on the specific crime of vandalism because I believe that crime is a bit more serious than others and the punishment for that crime does not seem understandable when told to others. Deterrence theory does not always work especially when looking at my crime history has not deterred me from committing other crimes although I have seen others be arrested and punished. I enjoy evaluating these theories as I can apply them to multiple situations even when the situations are completely…

    • 999 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Realism In Crime

    • 1544 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Two strands were developed dealing with realism and crime control, left realism and right realism, both operating on opposite sides of the spectrum. For the purpose of this research paper, the focus will be on right realism and the theories pertaining to crime prevention. Unfortunately crime is constantly taking place all over the world and although there have been signs of decrease in certain areas, illegal acts are still happening. Right realism claims, “crime is endemic, it is a reality we must face, it will always be with us, and we will never eliminate it” (MacLean, 1993, 347). Right realism looks to reduce crime rates and believes heavy prison sentences and being tough on crime is the way to decrease crime in the future.…

    • 1544 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Robbery Theory

    • 1269 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Offenders appear to have little control over their own desires so when personal desires conflict with long-term interests, those who lack self-control often opt for the desires of the moment, thus contravening legal restrictions and becoming involved in crime (Schmalleger, p. 188). People that do not commit crimes have a grasp on their self-control, others that do commit crimes do not know how to maintain their self-control. The general theory of crime uses principles of biological theories. That self-control is…

    • 1269 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    They both unswervingly weigh the most significant influences that serve as causations for participation in illicit activities. The Social Disorganization Theory concludes that “crime is largely a product of unfavorable conditions in certain communities” (Gaines and Miller 43). This can be applied directly to criminal justice due to the realization that a large sector of criminals are not inherently bad people. Rather, they are morally equal to any individual, but were simply victims of their environment. If someone is constantly emerged in an atmosphere where horrendous activities are deemed acceptable or even admirable, they are significantly more likely to succumb to similar opportunities.…

    • 1553 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    People have choices, in this case Daniel had the opportunity to either commit the crime or not. I believe the rational theory can be applied to this particular case because it does not focus on a certain population or location. Another theory that I believe can be related to the case mention above is conflict theory. From time to time there has been conflict between classes and we tend to think that crimes are more likely to be committed in urban areas, conflict theory explains that many individuals believe the poor are the ones to blame for crime rate going up. According to the blog Criminology Theories: The Varied Reasons Why People Commit Crimes, “The criminal justice system and criminal law are thought to be operating on behalf of rich and powerful social elites, with resulting policies aimed at controlling the poor” (Tania, 2014).…

    • 879 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    What the suspect leaves behind or purposely doesn’t leave behind, tells law enforcement a lot about their distinct personality. For example: crime scenes that are disorganized with evidence left behind may mean that they’re psychotic and unintelligent while organized scenes point to a more intelligent offender who has carefully plotted his attacks and taken care of evidence. Knowing background information may seem like a secondary priority but in cases where the suspect left little to no evidence, behavioral clues is vital for their…

    • 1132 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays

Related Topics