Self Affirmation Theory In Psychology

Good Essays
1. Social Cognition is the study of how individuals perceive something or someone based on constructs in the mind in the social reality. As individuals develop, they create self-fulfilling prophecies. They are the most important schemas a person has about the self and others. The self-schemas consist of interconnected knowledge structures of many different sorts based on a wide range of experiences in the course of development. They are different types of constructs such as nouns, adjectives and proper nouns that are usually extremely linked to the self. Moreover, there are several models to explain the interaction of the self-schemas. Symbolic interactionism by Mead and Cooley argue the looking glass self and discusses the idea that other …show more content…
That is to say, individuals have a limited cognitive and attention resource, and they have to quickly judge and come up with stereotypes leading to the Fundamental Attribution Error. Usually there is a spread of activation meaning that a concept will always trigger a memory and will therefore connect many concepts. Lastly, they are some theories that explain such behaviors. Self affirmation theory of Claude Steele mentioning that any threatened aspect of the self will automatically activate your excellence in some other domain to make you feel better ex. Fail at school; focus on how much you are loved by everyone. The self-verification theory by Bill Swan suggesting the particular ideas of the self is central for our behaviors. And lastly, self-competition theory by Gollwitzer stating that individuals are likely to achieve the goals the self …show more content…
Susan Andersen Transference states than representations of significant others are activated when a person is newly encountered. The individual makes inferences about the qualities of a newly encountered person triggered by and applied to the new person. Transference therefore is compatible with Freud’s claim on the mental representations of individuals. Nonetheless, transference does not inference any psychosexual drives. The social cognitive process of transference is relevant and influences how people see others and the self. Individuals tend to have behaviors that are subjective continuity of one self. That is to say, that people tend to reduce cognitive inconsistencies. That is why, perceived consistency is important for the intra-individual stability, and people tend to be with others that have consistent perceptions of the self. Individuals tend to modify their lives in order to contract an “alternative future selves.” Individuals also activate the possible self in order to satisfy their perception. Hazel Markus said that the beliefs and values of one 's culture and group profoundly influence how individuals construe themselves and their future possibilities, and even the conception and definition of the self varies greatly across

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    According to Ciccarcelli and White, Social Psychology is the study of the behavior of the group of an individual in their relationship to other groups. That cause the change of that person behavior due to what that person has affected to them. This concept can forge more compassionate interpersonal relationship because it help you learn about that person based on their social interactions. To find out who they are before you start off judging someone. The ways that it can enhance the social institutions is that the way we judge on others without getting to know them and to learn who they are or where they come from.…

    • 712 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Cognitive dissonance theory attempts to explain the human behavior through cognition, in which individuals always look for stability in their attitudes and behaviors (Festinger, 1957). In which if this stability was disrupted then changes to their actions must occur in order for the dissonance created from their behaviors or attitudes to be restored. The uncomfortable feelings produced as a result of dissonance causes alteration in the person’s beliefs which aid in the relief of uncomfortable feelings created (Girandola, 2010). Outlined in this assignment two personal experiences that relates to cognitive dissonance theory. I am a person who cares about others, helping them to achieve solutions to their problems, especially when they are not able to help themselves.…

    • 860 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The social-cultural influence is just what I said above- cultural expectations, social support, and childhood experiences all change how we will react to people in situations. If you think someone is mad at you, you are less likely to be warm and outgoing towards that person. This contrast greatly to the humanistic perspective below. The humanistic perspective states that you can influence your personality if you come from a positive background, have a positive outlook and basically if you are a genuine and healthy person. Maslow and Rogers believe that people can reach self-actualization rather than staying confined to their situation, past experience or biology- if their basic needs are…

    • 1455 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It is the change that we see in behavior that is caused by either real or imagined influences that come from others that surround us. It also influences social pressure or unconscious influence within a person. An example of how this concept is applies in our personal lives would be by dressing in a certain style of clothing in order to fit in with everyone else in your social group. People want to feel accepted and in doing so they change certain things in their lives in order to fit in. When we want to be liked and accepted by a group, the type of conformity that occurs is normative, which is another form of social conformity that occurs when a person is concerned with the impression that they are making in front of the group.…

    • 1764 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Appearance Matters Essay

    • 1089 Words
    • 4 Pages

    According to Philip Gleason, author of the article Identifying Identity: A Semantic History, Identification refers to “the process by which a person comes to realize what groups are significant for him, what attitudes concerning them he should form, and what kind of behavior is appropriate” (916). Being around a certain group of people can change how someone acts, their attitude, and their outlook on life. Identification can have a strong sense of power to individuals, and a whole society as well. When categorizing others, having power can “establish and maintain hierarchy” (Allen 27). Having a stable society may be beneficial, however, placing others into groups only eliminates the idea of someone accepting themselves in a world where anything outside of the norm isn’t…

    • 1089 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    However the idea of school culture is one worth looking at. When a school has a toxic culture many times this will link to a school that struggles. School Leaders need to maintain a school culture that focuses on student learning and has high expectations for them and supports innovation. As a school leader we need to always keep the students best interest first. By setting a culture that focuses on their learning it helps us as school leaders make the difficult decisions a lot easier since we know we are doing it for the students.…

    • 1201 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It focuses on everything about a person instead of just behaviors. Normally, it is aimed at encouraging self-acceptance and personal growth. The social cognitive theory on the other hands looks at how changes in behavior are linked to changes in personality. They believe that a person can change his/her personality based on some important fundamental event such as behavior, environment and personal factors. Both perspectives are in line with the idea that an individual is always changing.…

    • 1471 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    They all need to commit with the students process in order to give him the best opportunities to be successful academically and socially at school. It is key to remember that students with ADHD can get upset and frustrated easily. We need to give them the best chances to feel successful and value their efforts. It is significant for students and parents to be included in the student´s IEP. This will help both of them understand what they need to work on and empower them to work among this goals with teachers support.…

    • 955 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    As symbolic interactionists define it, the self-fulfilling prophecy is the phenomenon of an expectation helping to “cause what it predicts” (Brym and Lie, 2012:61). While there exists an obvious conclusion that manipulating students could adhere to the self-fulfilling prophecy (Brym and Lie, 2012), there is a subtler one regarding my own socialization experience. As the preceding paragraph explains, Goffman’s dramaturgical analysis can explain a sizable amount of my success integrating into the tutoring role. However, while attempting to present their ideal self to the world, applicants often acquire compliments about how well they are upholding their status. These compliments lead to tutors expanding on what they did prior.…

    • 793 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    In contrast to presenting fronts within a society, structured action has been developed over a period of time that lays out appropriate behavior to the circumstances of a situation and has been learned through the process of socialization. As people deal with structured action on a regular basis, they will ultimately develop impressions of certain situations, people and ideas or concepts. Developing impressions is an inevitable factor that greatly impacts people through social influences. In order to maintain certain impressions, order must be maintained with mutual coherence over small disruptions that could potentially alter these…

    • 1548 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays

Related Topics