Second Movement Analysis

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IV. Second Movement

The second movement is in a compound ternary form. It is in simple quadruple time in E major with the tempo of Adagio. It is nocturne-like (Zi, 2001, p. 94) and it’s meant to give the audience a peaceful feeling.

Introduction: The opening of the second movement has used muted strings, woodwind, clarinet and bassoon. These instruments slowly modulate from the previous C minor to E major using chromatic notes. Fig.16
Exposition (A): In preparation for the first theme to appear, the piano joins at Bar 5 after the modulation with simple triplet arpeggios in glissando as an accompaniment of the theme. The first part of the theme in the second movement is firstly introduced by the flute expressively at Score Fig. 17 shown in Fig.17. It then passed to clarinet for the second part of the theme at Bar 4 of Score Fig. 17. The rest of the Fig. 17 is a call and response between Clarinet and Flute. This theme has showed the classic enthusiasm of Russian with sweet and tender melody. (Zi, 2001, p. 94)

Fig.17 Score Fig. 17 Bar 1-6

At Score Fig. 18, piano and the orchestra has switched their role of leading and accompanying, as this time piano is leading the melody while the orchestra is playing the accompaniment with clarinet and violin playing the
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25 as piano plays the accompaniment like what it did in the exposition, playing some triplet arpeggios in the tonic key (E major). Instead of flute and clarinet playing the main theme of the movement, the violins take their role and play the theme. However, piano didn’t repeat the theme this time and the theme is continued playing by the violins in Bar 3-4 at Score Fig. 26. In addition, there is a conversation between the piano and violins as well. It also has shown some motif from the development at Bar 7 at Score Fig. 26. It has repeated the first and second part of the development in a short 4-Bar phrase and it then leads to coda at Score Fig.

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