Second Great Awakening Analysis

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The Second Great Awakening started around the end of the eighteenth century in New England. In the beginning, the awakening was only noticed by diligence in the lives of Christians and their complete devotion to God. It would later be known for the great emotional experience felt by those who attended and participated. "Many spoke of having had an experience of conversion. The awakening made headway among some of the most distinguished theologians of New England.1 (Gonzalez 2010).
Many great movements were birthed from the Second Great Awakening, to include Women's Movements, the abolition of slavery, the fight against alcohol, the Cane Ridge Revival and various other feministic societal organizations.
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Looking at the judgments which were speedily to come upon his nation, the soul of the prophet was wrought up to an agony, and he cried out in his distress: "O Lord, revive Thy work." As if he had said: "O Lord, grant that Thy judgments may not make Israel desolate. In the midst of these awful years let the judgments of God be made the means of reviving religion among us. In wrath remember mercy."”3(website)

"Methodist and Baptist took up the idea of celebrating camp meetings, and these eventually developed into periodic revivals. Since such revivals became an important part of social life on the frontier, both Methodist and Baptist groups achieved rapid growth."4 (Gonzalez 2010). One thing to be admired about the Baptists and the Methodist was they were willing to use preachers with little to no education to preach the Word of God. If one felt that he was called by God to preach the Word they were allowed to go forth. The results of this led to the Word being delivered in a very simplistic manner which caused the ministry to grow tremendously. The Baptist and Methodist became the largest Protestant denomination in the entire country around mid-century. "Many physically collapsed at what they called conviction
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Although many of the groups started to form in the 1800’s, there were over 100 communities that developed between 1700 to early 1900’s. A number of these groups were short lived due to the death of the leader and not having anyone to step up that was trained and qualified to take the mantle. Not all members in these groups were Christians, but some “were socio-economic, and some had their own unique form of religion.”7(utopia link). These communities had rules they had to live by. They were encouraged not to have regular fellowship with those that were not part of the Utopian community. In some cases they had to surrender all of their possessions. It was expected or strongly emboldened of every member to contribute by way of “money donation, time and energy to community projects. Complaining of any sort was not allowed to prevent contaminating other members with negative thoughts. The consequences of this kind of behavior resulted in detachment from the group. One would think that when it came to marriage, tight knit groups like this would be with one accord. However, some supported “some groups practiced celibacy, most groups practiced one-man-one-woman marriages, one practiced one man-multiple wives, and one practiced complex marriages (every man is married to every woman).”8 (utopia link). As fore stated, there were over 100 communities, but the largest one that remains

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