Scramble for Africa Essay

836 Words Nov 2nd, 2014 4 Pages
European powers were involved in Africa since the mid-1500's but had restricted their area of influence to only the coastal regions of Western Africa, where powers such as Great Britain established hubs for their highly profitable slave trade (David). Over a period of nearly three hundred years, European ships had transported more than 11 million people from Africa to different areas of the world, including America after the slave trade was abolished in Europe, and sold them into slavery (David). In a period of less than 30 years from 1870 – 1900, European powers, consisting of countries like France, Britain, and Portugal, had increased their control of Africa nations from a mere 10% to 90% of the entire continent (David). There were …show more content…
They began to move further South and one Africa country that suffered considerable torment at the hands of Great Britain was Sudan. Like other European powers, the British believed themselves to be the “master race” and believed that war was only a means of natural selection (Ferguson). Karl Pearson, a Eugenics professor at the University of London, was quoted as saying: “National progress depends on racial fitness and the supreme test of fitness is war. When war ceases, mankind will no longer progress...(Ferguson).” Thus the British had no problem interjecting themselves into the Sudan, especially considering that other European powers, like France, were steadfastly making designs on surrounding areas of Africa (Ferguson). The British also considered their military endeavors in Sudan as revenge for the slaughter of British general Charles Gordon, who had been slaughtered by the Sudanese Islamic fundamentalists called the Dervishes, in his pursuits to dismantle their leader the Mehdi, thirteen years prior (Ferguson). After completing a railway that spanned from Egypt down into Sudan, the British officially invaded. In 1898, the first major battle between the British forces and the Sudanese Dervishes ended in a humiliating defeat for the Dervishes, leaving them with casualties of over 11,000 with the British only suffering a scant 48 casualties (Ferguson). Another country that suffered

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