Scientific Management Essay

799 Words Oct 22nd, 2013 4 Pages
The concept of scientific management was introduced in the USA, in the late nineteenth century by Frederick Winslow Taylor (1912/1970a, cited in Locke,
1982). After laws had been passed to protect the rights of the employees, such as limiting the length of working day and prohibition of use of child labour, the employers started to think, how productivity of the workers could be increased
(Fincham & Rhodes, 2005). Taylor made numerous suggestions, and in his time, they were useful and successful, since the productivity of work had improved.
Scientific management was accepted and applied in many organisations of
Taylor’s time in the USA (Witzel, 2005). However, what was applicable a hundred years ago can be irrelevant
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The student defines scientific management in an indirect manner. In fact, this could have been done in the introduction, but does not look out of place here either.
Unfortunately, high specialisation means very little diversity in work and some authors believe this can be harmful for both the employers and the employees, the latter because ‘it leads to boredom and low morale and lack of motivation due to underutilized mental capacity’ (Locke, 1982, p. 19). Witzel (2005), while citing
Watts in his article, uses the words ‘psychological dilemma’. He states, ‘either competence and skills’ (Locke, 1982, p. 19). Splitting the task into ‘a maximum number of subtasks’ (Fincham & Rhodes, 2005, p. 380) means a very precise division of labour, described in Weber’s account of bureaucracy (Weber, 1970, cited in Fincham & Rhodes, 2005). The student defines scientific management in an indirect manner. In fact, this could have been done in the introduction, but does not look out of place here either.
Unfortunately, high specialisation means very little diversity in work and some authors believe this can be harmful for both the employers and the employees, the latter because ‘it leads to boredom and low morale and lack of motivation due to underutilized mental capacity’ (Locke, 1982, p. 19). Witzel (2005), while citing

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