Industrial Revolution Enlightenment

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Science and technology have always been necessary for the advancements of nation-states throughout history. Additionally both science and technology play extensive roles in the progression of the Enlightenment, the Industrial Revolution and World War I and II. In the Enlightenment science and technology helped establish the heliocentric theory, Newton’s laws of motion and the law of gravitation. The Industrial Revolution focused on the transition from wood to metal and farming to industrialization. The periods of the World Wars additionally introduced technology that would affect global relations to the modern day. Although the technology of each era, the Enlightenment, the Industrial Revolution, and the World War periods, was immensely different, …show more content…
The major transitions during the Industrial revolution were farming to factories and from wood to metal. Thomas Newcomen developed the first steam engine powered by coal. The steam-powered engine was first used to have an easier way to pump water out of the mines. James Watt then upgraded the engine so his engine could be the owe source for the industrial revolution. . Due to the transition from farming to industrialization this called for a demand of metals parts for the machines. The first large machine tool was the cylinder-boring machine used for boring the large-diameter cylinders on early steam engines. The production of these machine tools led to faster and easier advancements in the industry. The production of goods demanded for a system for raw matierals to go from factories to the markets. This occurred when railroads were invented. The late nineteenth century was dominated by the presence and use of railroads. The railroads improved lives of many and increased the population due to the easy transportation. They were of crucial importance in stimulating economic expansion, but their influence reached beyond the economy and was pervasive in American society at …show more content…
The Enlightenment opened a path for mathematics astronomy and physics. For example, Copernicus’s heliocentric theory, Newton’s laws, and the law of gravitation are all important improvements in the Enlightenment. Science and technology was instrumental in making European states more secular and allowing them to practice more democratic governments. While the main focus in the Industrial revolution was the transition from wood to metal and farming to factories, the period was crucial for its technological developments that led to modernization all over the world. Two important achievements that were created in the Industrial revolution were the steam engine and machine tools, which allowed countries to create modern economies and eventually become imperial powers. World War I and II both were concentrated on the weaponry. World war I introduced “machine guns, modern artillery and railroads” to the nineteenth century. World War II took a lot of ideas from World War I and intensified them. They also created nuclear weapons, which only were used in World War II. Collectively, these periods are crucial for how the world is shaped

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