Schizotypal Personality Disorder Case Study

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According to Seligman and Reichenberg (2014), about three percent of the general population in the United States present symptoms of Schizotypal personality disorder (p. 361). People with Schizotypal Personality Disorder (SPD) are described as odd, eccentric, and superstitious because magical thinking is the symptom that differentiates SPD from other personality disorders (p. 361). SPD is a personality disorder that is characterized by delusions. People with SPD have a higher chance of having first degree relatives with schizophrenia or mood disorders than the general population (p. 362). SPD seems to have a genetic predisposition. Moreover, symptoms of SPD may occur because of neurological deficits in the front lobe (p. 362). SPD symptoms …show more content…
655). The behavior, thinking, and perception of an individual with SPD are odd, and create a deficit in the individual’s social and interpersonal life. This section of the paper will introduce the diagnosis of Schizotypal personality disorder in the DSM V. To be diagnosed with SPD, Five or more eccentric and/or distortive symptoms should be present. The various eccentric and/or distortive symptoms that an individual with SPD can have are: ideas of reference, odd beliefs or magical thinking, unusual perceptual experiences, odd thinking and speech, suspiciousness or paranoid ideation, inappropriate or constricted affect, behavior or appearance that is odd, eccentric, or peculiar; lack of friends or confidants, and an excessive social anxiety (pp. 655-656). The symptoms of SPD are out of reality thinking and behaviors that are odd to social norm. The symptoms of SPD should not be present during the course of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depressive disorder with psychotic features, another psychotic disorder, or autism spectrum disorder (p. 656).
Cultural Considerations One important skill that a counselor should posses is multicultural competence. In order to give a multicultural competent treatment to individuals with SPD, there are some cultural considerations to take into account.
In regards
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204). Bowenian theory believes that an individual functionality is dependent of his/her family system. Bowen believed that the individual and the family are best understood when analyzed within a multigenerational or historical framework of at least three generations (p. 204). Bowenian approach is used to understand the generational and contextual influences that an individual has. This section of the paper will introduce the etiology and treatment of SPD from a Bowenian

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