Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that makes people interpret reality in an abnormal way. It may affect both genders during their teenage years to around 45 years old. It is very rare for children and adults older than 45 years old, to be diagnosed with schizophrenia. Males may begin to show signs during their early 20s, while females lean to display the signs during their late 20s (“Myths and Facts...”). People may experience symptoms of hallucinations, delusions, and dysfunctional behavior. Symptoms may be divided into positive and negative. Positive symptoms refer to mental disturbances that alter the person’s perception of reality. Negative symptoms refer to abilities that the patient can no longer execute (Tacon).
In hallucinations, the person tends to experience the hearing of voices which other people do not hear. Nonetheless, hallucinations may be with any of the senses- sound, sight, smell, taste or touch. With delusions, the person believes things are happening to them that are not true. For example, a schizophrenic may believe that a person coughing is signaling another person to execute some sort of plot against them. Behavioral