Essay on Schizophreni The Medical Field As A Psychotic Disorder
1175 Words 5 Pages
What is Schizophrenia? Schizophrenia has been labeled in the medical field as a psychotic disorder. In other words, individuals suffering from the disease have a disconnect from reality. The disorder warrants such a label since its signs and symptoms are thought to co-exist in ways that distinguish it from other syndromes that exhibit similar thoughts and behaviors. Schizophrenia is defined as a psychotic disorder because individual’s demonstrated impairments in reality, disturbances of perception, and thoughts experienced as hallucinations, delusions, hearing voices, seeing things that are not there, and paranoia. The onset of Schizophrenia usually starts in a person’s late teens to early twenties, and it affects about one percent of the global population. Its causes were unknown until semi-recently when it was discovered that an imbalance and overproduction in three catecholamine neurotransmitters epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine cause incorrect signaling which accounts for the symptoms related to Schizophrenia.
Detailed descriptions of several mental disorders such as: mania, melancholia, dementia, delirium, and hysteria have been available since Hippocrates in the 5th century BC. However, in regards to Schizophrenia, notations were not identified in records containing the current descriptions of the disorder until the end of the nineteenth century when in 1896, Emil Kraepelin published a revision to his influential textbook of psychiatry, that…