John Bowlby's Theory Of Attachment In Young Children

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Humans desire to belong originates from Abraham Maslow; “he believed that people are social beings who have a need to belong to a group, to love others, and to be loved. He further stated that if people could not meet this need of belonging, their need for self-esteem would not be able to be satisfied. In other words, without being accepted as part of group or by others, self-esteem doesn 't develop properly” (Baumeister & Leary, 1995). Everyone wants a sense of belonging, something to live for, to strive for. However, not everyone may fully agree with that statement, some people choose to live their lives pretty independent, but deep down they are appreciative for others. “Contrary to cultural materialism, we have proposed that many …show more content…
“Bowlby believed that attachment behaviors are instinctive and will be activated by any conditions that seem to threaten the achievement of proximity, such as separation, insecurity and fear” (McLeod, 2016). Bowlby created 3 theories of attachment that young children have towards their mothers. First is secure attachment; it is where a toddler is securely attached to his caregivers and will openly explore when they are present. The secure child can engage with strangers and often become upset when they can no longer see their caregiver. The next one is an Anxious-ambivalent attachment; this is where there a resistance. This type of child may explore, may be cautious of strangers when the caregiver is visible. If the caregiver leaves this child becomes visibly upset and normally ambivalent upon returning. The last attachment style is anxious-avoidant attachment; this is when the child avoids or neglects the parent. This isn’t curiously crawling around and exploring nor do they show any signs of …show more content…
A scapegoat provides the opportunity to deflect any failure or blame so their self-image stays positive and unvarnished. An example of scapegoat theory would be a poor man complaining about not being able to get a job and blaming this on Obama’s damage to the job market. However, this poor man is just showing his true colors and blaming on an external source so that he doesn’t have to face his own weaknesses. This theory is present in the current job market. When people cannot get a job, maybe because they aren’t qualified or maybe they aren’t looking hard enough, they immediately point the blame and say, “Thanks

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