Scanning Is The First Step In The SARA Model

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Register to read the introduction… Scanning can occur in a variety of ways. Officers can look for problems or identify problems while patrolling his or her beat area. Officers can also review and screen calls for service or complaints to identify problems. Another way for officers to scan is by consulting with residents of the officer’s designated area (Walker & Katz, 2011).
The second step in the SARA model involves analyzing the problem. In the analyzing step of the SARA model officers collect information about the problem. While analyzing, officers’ focus on individuals involved, incidents, and prior responses (Walker & Katz, 2011). Individuals are the victims, offenders, and third parties (Walker & Katz, 2011). Incidents refer to the physical setting, social setting, or the order of events. Past responses refer to the reaction by members in the community and institutions in the community
The third step in the SARA model is the response step. Officers use the information collected to develop a strategy to address the problem. Response involves coming up with new ideas, researching similar problem of other communities, choosing alternative interventions, outlining a response plan, stating objectives to the response plan, and following through with the response plan (Center for Problem-Oriented Policing,
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If police officers or the proper officials do not know the extent of the problem, the laws that pertain to the problem, and information surrounding the problem, further programming to alleviate the problem cannot exist and research will have to conclude. Interagency should involve communication, resources, internal support, external support, leadership, and staffing, if one of more of those lacks, then the problem-oriented policing effort using SARA model will not receive the outcome or response needed to alleviate the problem.
In the past couple years, police departments recognized the demand for research for problem-oriented policing projects for crime prevention and intervention (Braga, 2010). This recognition will continue to increase in the future. On police department websites, the public can view each department’s problem-oriented policing efforts, strategies, and responses.
Problem-oriented policing efforts will continue to improve the effectiveness of policing in communities. Overtime, with advancements in technology, new criminal and disorder problems will arise and cause for a strategic approach with problem-oriented policing. Herman Goldstein contributed a concept that will continue to benefit police departments and the fight to problem solving crime and

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