Scalar Implicatures In Pragmatics
BSc (Hons) Language and Linguistics
The rationale behind this particular research project is due to an interest within pragmatics. Pragmatics is a growing area within the linguistic field and although many areas are explored widely for example; scalar implicatures it is interesting that other areas such as distributive inferences are not studied within the same amount of detail, despite both having very similar properties. Due to this fact, comparing adult’s interpretations of distributive inferences compared too scalar implicatures should make for an interesting project for a dissertation.
This piece of work will be based around linguistic aspects. The subject area of this work will be …show more content…
An implicature occurs when a particular utterance gives rise to an interference. Looking at an example such as (4) tends to gives rise to the inference in (5).
(4) Some students passed
(5) ↝ Not all students passed
Looking towards the pragmatic approach, implicatures were firstly introduced by theorist Paul Grice (1975). He developed a theory a very well know theory referred to as the cooperative principle. Grice suggested that conversation is based on the cooperation principle. “Make your conversational contribution what is required, at the stage at which it occurs, by the accepted purpose or direction of the talk exchange in which you are engaged.” (Grice 1975) this principle was then elaborated to “Gricean Maxims (1975)”. The principle can be divided among four distinguished maxims.
• Quantity Maxim – be as informative as required and do not make your contribution more informative than needed
• Quality Maxim – do not say anything you believe to be false and do not say anything you lack adequate evidence for
• Relation (Relevance) Maxim – be …show more content…
In the experiment the participant’s names will not be used when the results are being presented and no participant will be at risk of having their identities revealed. This lowers the risk elements of the experiment. Participants will also be given a sheet regarding consent after the completion of the experiment and will be asked to sign their names to show that they are giving their consent for the data to be used in the said experiment. Finally, under the Data Protection Act (1999), all information gathered from carrying out the experiment will be kept and stored securely by the researcher with no one else having access to it. When the data is transferred onto the laptop / computer it will be password protected in order to ensure the participants identities are not