sc131 CrystalElmalahUnit7Assignment Essay

955 Words Nov 26th, 2014 4 Pages
Crystal Elmalah
Unit 7 Assignment
Anatomy & Physiology II

Respiratory acidosis is a condition that occurs when the lungs cannot remove all the carbon dioxide the body produces. This causes body fluids, especially the blood, to become too acidic. Chronic respiratory acidosis occurs over a long period of time, this leads to a stable situation, because the kidneys increase body chemicals, such as bicarbonate, that help restore the body’s acid-base balance. Acute respiratory acidosis is a condition in which carbon dioxide builds up quickly, before the kidneys can return the body to a state of balance. Some of the symptoms may include: confusion, fatigue, lethargy, shortness of breath, and sleepiness. Some causes of
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Changes in the physiochemical equilibrium due to the lowered pCO2 and this results in a slight decrease in HCO3. There is insufficient time for the kidneys to respond so this is the only change in an acute respiratory alkalosis (Healthline, 2014). Treatment is aimed at the condition that causes respiratory alkalosis. Breathing into a paper bag or using a mask that causes you to re-breathe carbon dioxide can sometimes help reduce symptoms (Medline Plus, 2014). Normal blood pH is maintained between 7.35 and 7.45 by the regulatory systems. The lungs regulate the amount of carbon dioxide in the blood and the kidneys regular the bicarbonate. When the pH decreases to below 7.35 an acidosis condition is present. Alkalosis results when the pH is above 7.45 (Elmhurst College, 2014). Acceptable range for PaC02 is 35 to 45 mmHg. Acceptable range for HC03 is 22 to 26 mEq/l (Hansen Nursing, 2014). Metabolic acidosis is a condition in which there is too much acid in the body fluids. It occurs when the bod produces too much acid, or when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body. There are several types of metabolic acidosis such as: Diabetic acidosis, which develops when acidic substances known as ketone bodies, build up in the body. This occurs with uncontrolled type 1 diabetes; hyperchloremic acidosis, results from excessive loss of sodium bicarbonate from the body. This can occur with

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