SAMPLE SPEECH WITH COMMENTARY
SAMPLE PREPARATION OUTLINE WITH COMMENTARY
The following outline for a six-minute informative speech illustrates the principles just discussed. The commentary explains the procedures used in organizing the speech and writing the outline. (Check with your teacher to see if she or he wants you to include a title with your outline.) Panic Attacks | COMMENTARY | Topic: Panic Attack | Stating your specific purpose and central idea as separate units before the text of the outline makes it easier to judge how well you have constructed the outline to achieve your purpose and to communicate your central idea. | Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the nature, extent, and symptoms of panic attacks.
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| Transition: Let's start with the nature of panic attacks.) | Labeling the body marks it as a distinct part of the speech. | Body | Main point I is phrased as a full sentence. As the outline progresses, notice that the main points are arranged in topical order. | I. Panic attacks are a severe medical condition with a number of physical and mental symptoms. A. As defined by the National Institute of Mental Health, panic attacks involve "unexpected and repeated episodes of intense fear accompanied by physical symptoms." 1. The attacks usually come out of nowhere and strike when least expected. 2. Their length can vary from a few minutes to several hours. | The two subpoints of main point I are shown by the capital letters A and B and are written out in full sentences to ensure that the speaker has thought them out fully. Points below the level of subpoint are indicated by Arabic numerals and lowercase letters. Sometimes they are not written as full sentences. Check to see what your teacher prefers. | B. There are a number of symptoms common to most panic attacks. 1. Physical symptoms include a pounding heart, shortness of breath, lightheadedness, and numbness or tingling sensations in the arms and legs. 2. Mental symptoms include acute fear, a sense of disaster or helplessness, and a feeling of being detached from one's own body. | The transition shows how the speaker will move from main