Samavaya Vigyaniyam: Inherent Relationship

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Article 41: Samavaya Vigyaniyam (Inherent Relationship)

The chief aim of Ayurvedic system of medicine is equilibrium among tissues, which is defined as Dhatusamya in Ayurveda. This is also known as Karya. For production of the Karya, six types of Karanas are described in the Ayurvedic medicine treatise, Caraka Samhita.
> Samanya
> Visesa
> Dravya
> Guna
> Karma
> Samavaya.
These Karana are further divided into two distinct types, which is based on the existence
 Actual existence (Sattasiddha)
 Virtual existence (Bhattisiddha)
Actual existence (Sattasiddha) is which have a really existing influence.
Virtual existence (Bhattisiddha) is the object that is more intellectual rather than real.
Dravya, Guna, and Karma out of the six Karanas, falls in the
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Ayurvedic system of medicine believes in using drug as a whole rather than isolation of the active principles, a point related to organized nature of the dravya (substance). Here we can see samavaya relationship existing between array of phytochemicals present in the dravya or drug. When active constituent are isolated, dravya losses its organized character and chances of having side effects are high.
Parameters like taste, property are present in the dravya only. According to Ayurveda, a drug works on seven parameters and these have been provided to the dravya naturally. It again proves the significance of dravya. • In preparing Ayurvedic poly-herbal drug, dravya is main ingredient. Decoctions, infusions, and powders are prepared from drugs of natural source.
Dravyaguna involves study of rasa, guna, virya, vipaka and Prabhava. Dravya can be defined as store house of guna and karma, another point proving samavaya (inherent) relationship between dravya and guna plus karma. Dravya refers to medicine and guna and karma represents physical property and pharmacological property and these having definitely inherent

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