Essay Salmonell A Bacteria That Causes Food Poisoning

863 Words Oct 13th, 2015 4 Pages
Salmonella enterica is a bacteria that causes food poisoning in a human. Most people infected with this bacteria develop diarrhoea, fever, vomiting and abdominal cramps, which occur between 12 and 72 hours after the bacteria has entered the body. This illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days and most individuals recover from Salmonella without the intervention of treatment. The Salmonella starts in the intestines to the bloodstream and then to other areas within the body.
People who are mainly vulnerable to this infection are elderly, infants and the individuals who have a weakened immune system, for example alcoholism, AID and cancer sufferers. These specific people are more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with this Salmonella bacteria.

Biological structure:
A Salmonella bacterium includes; bacterial flagellum, cytoplasm, ribosomes, mesosome, a cell wall, capsule, DNA and plasma membrane. A flagellum is a thread-like structure which allows the bacteria to swim. A cytoplasm is the material within the cell, which does not include the nucleus. Ribosomes are particles which fastens messenger RNA and transfer RNA. A mesosome is a fold in the plasma membrane of a bacteria. A cell wall is a layer of material outside the plasma membrane of the bacteria. A capsule is a tough bit of membrane that surrounds the bacteria. DNA is a material which is the carrier of the genetic information in the bacteria. Finally, the plasma membrane is a external boundary of the cytoplasm.

Causes and…

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