Sabon Gari Case Study

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1
The Question of Sabon Gari Phenomenon in Katsina Metropolis, 1903-2011
Samuel Wycliff
Department of History, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria samuelwycliff@yahoo.ca and samwycliff@gmail.com
08060510055, 08053430606
Abstract
The history of Sabon Gari system in Northern Nigeria has received attention from scholars, yet the absence of such settlements in some of the Northern cities and towns has not been addressed. This paper examined the reasons for its absence in Katsina metropolis unlike Kano, Zaria, Sokoto and Gusau- which were settlement that were specially reserved for non-indigene settlers. The paper revealed that the absence of Sabon Gari and Tudun Wada was due to non-declaration of Katsina as a township by the colonial authority
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For the origin of Sabon Gari system see the following materials; A. F. Usman, “Implications of Colonial Settlements on Inter Ethnic Relations: Case Study of Sabon Gari Kano.” In International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Vol. 5, No. 10, October 2015. p.164, G. O. Olusanya, “The Sabon Gari System in Northern States of Nigeria.”In Nigeria Magazine, 1967, No. 94; A. D. Edley, ‘The Sabon Gari System in Northern Nigeria: 1940’, PhD Thesis, University College, Los Angeles, 1976, P. L. Nku, “History of Sabon Gari Kano: From Colonial Period to 1978.” B. A. History Project, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, 1979; A. V. Dhilliwayo, “The Colonial Framework of Urban Growth: The Case of Sabon Gari Zaria, 1911- 1950: A Preliminary Survey.” Department of History Seminar, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, 1980, C. N. Ubah, “The Political Dilemma of Residential Segregation: The Example of Nigeria’s Kano Sabon Gari.” African Urban Studies, No. 14, Fall, 1982, E. Dusai, “The Edo Immigrants in Kano: 1912-1975.” M. A. Dissertation, Bayero University, Kano, 1986, I. O. Albert, “Urban Migrant Settlements in Nigeria: A Historical Comparison of the Sabon Garis in Kano and Ibadan, 1893-1991.” PhD Thesis, …show more content…
The demand for areas of low population density detached or semi-detached houses was therefore intense.2
Britain first experimented the new policy in 19th century India to satisfy their military, economic, political .and medical needs. The Indian experience was extended to Nigeria, especially to the Muslim emirates, where Sabon Gari and similar settlement were created in the urban centres that expanded as the result of the re-mentation of the economy by colonial conquest. These settlement were characterized by the spatial inequality created to conform to the new economic

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